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This academic site promotes excellence in teaching and researching economics and development, and the advancing of describing, understanding, explaining and theorizing.
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United Nations University
World Institute for Development Economic Research:

RP2006/31 Nancy Birdsall:
Stormy Days on an Open Field: Asymmetries in the Global Economy (PDF 241KB)
Openness is not necessarily good for the poor. Reducing trade protection has not brought growth to today’s poorest countries, and open capital markets have not been good for the poorest households in emerging market economies. In this paper I present evidence on these two points. First, countries highly dependent on primary exports two decades ago, despite their substantial engagement in trade and a marked decline in their tariff rates in the 1990s, have failed to grow. Second, within high-debt emerging market economies the financial crises of the last decade, whether induced by domestic policy problems or global contagion, have been especially costly for the poor (in welfare terms if not in terms of absolute income losses). I discuss the asymmetries in the global economy that help explain why countries and people cannot always compete on equal terms on the ‘level playing field’ of the global economy.
RP2006/29 Deepak Nayyar:
Development through Globalization? (PDF 127KB)
This paper seeks to analyze the prospects for development in a changed international context, where globalization has diminished the policy space so essential for countries that are latecomers to development. The main theme is that, to use the available policy space for development, it is necessary to redesign strategies by introducing correctives and to rethink development by incorporating different perspectives, if development is to bring about an improvement in the well-being of people. In redesigning strategies, some obvious correctives emerge from an understanding of theory and a study of experience that recognizes not only the diversity but also the complexity of development. In rethinking development, it is imperative to recognize the importance of initial conditions, the significance of institutions, the relevance of politics in economics and the critical role of good governance. Even if difficult, there is also a clear need to create more policy space for national development, by reshaping the rules of the game in the world economy and contemplating some governance of globalization.

RP2006/40 K. S. Kavi Kumar and Brinda Viswanathan:
Vulnerability to Globalization in India: Relative Rankings of States Using Fuzzy Models (PDF 187KB)
The net impact of globalization on developing countries, and more specifically on the poorer sections of population in these countries, is complex and context dependent, and hence needs to be analysed empirically. This study in the context of globalization attempts to develop regional level indices of vulnerability with respect to welfare loss in India using a methodology based on fuzzy inference systems. The vulnerability of an entity is conceptualized (following the practice in global climate change literature) as a function of its exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity. Empirical analysis based on such multidimensional conceptualization demands use of indicator-based approach which is attempted in this study and uses fuzzy models that adequately capture vagueness inherent in such approaches.
The contribution of the study is three folds: conceptualization of vulnerability and linking it with formalization being attempted in other disciplines, development of a new methodology to measure vulnerability, and apply the methodology to rank Indian states

RP2006/22 Mihály Simai:
The Human Dimensions of the Global Development Process in the Early Part of the 21st Century: Critical Trends and New Challenges (PDF 143KB>
RP2005/53 Alice Sindzingre:
Explaining Threshold Effects of Globalization on Poverty: An Institutional Perspective (PDF 131KB)
RP2005/35 Alan V. Deardorff and Robert M. Stern:
Globalization’s Bystanders: Does Trade Liberalization Hurt Countries that Do Not Participate? (PDF 105KB>
RP2004/62 Anthony P. D’Costa:
Globalization, Development, and Mobility of Technical Talent: India and Japan in Comparative Perspectives (PDF 215KB)
RP2006/72 Eric Rauchway:
The Role of Federalism in Developing the US during Nineteenth-century Globalization (PDF 483KB)

The IMF point of view on the current world economic crisis
December 2008
Finance $ Development
World Economy Under Stress
Cracks in the System:
Repairing the Damaged Global Economy

The global economy is facing its worst crisis in 60 years, triggering fears of a long, deep recession. The task ahead is to design new rules and institutions to reduce systemic risks without stifling innovation.

From the BBC World Service
Global Financial Crisis 2008
The United Nations says the world economy faces its worst downturn since the Great Depression. It expects world economic output to shrink by as much as 0.4% in 2009, due to a slump among developed countries - particularly the US and in Europe.
This would mark the world economy's first year of contraction since the 1930s, the UN said. The report added there had been complacency about the impact of the financial crisis on poorer countries. "It seems inevitable that the major countries will see significant contraction in the immediate period ahead and that recovery may not materialise any time soon, even if the bail-out and stimulus package succeed," it says.

Global Financial Crisis 2008
An analysis by the
Real-World Economic Review
Big banks are failing, bailouts measured in hundreds of billions of dollars are not nearly enough, jobs are vanishing, mortgages and retirement savings are turning to dust. Didn’t economic theory promise us that markets would behave better than this? Even the most ardent defenders of private enterprise are embarrassed by recent events: in the words of arch-conservative columnist William Kristol, There’s nothing conservative about letting free markets degenerate into something close to Karl Marx’s vision of an atomizing, irresponsible and self-devouring capitalism.2
So what does the current wreckage of the global financial system tell us about the theoretical virtues of the market economy?

United Nations Conference on Trade and Commerce
Globalization and Development Statistics 2008
Facts and Figures
This second issue of UNCTAD’s “Development and Globalization: Facts and Figures” is more than an update of the 2004 edition. With economic globalization challenging much of our traditional wisdom, the 2008 edition is meant to increase the analytical emphasis and to offer some explanation for new and emerging economic trends.

Note - Foreword - Acknowledgements and explanatory notes

1 Global growth and composition of demand -  Growth trends - Gross domestic product by economic activity and expenditure - Growth and trade balance -  Primary commodity prices - Terms of trade and impact on gross national income
2 Payments balances and determinants - Current account balance - Capital flows - Inflation rates and interest rates - Unit labour costs - Nominal exchange rates - Competitiveness and real effective exchange rates
3 External resources - Foreign direct investment trends - Industrial pattern of foreign direct investment - Official development assistance and debt relief -  Migrants’ remittances - External debt trends -  External debt indicators - International reserves
4 International trade in merchandise and services -  Geography of merchandise trade - South-South merchandise trade - Trade of primary commodities - Primary commodity dependence - Market access -  Patterns in services trade of developing countries - Services trade performances of developing countries by category of services
5 Population -  Population and poverty -  Employment
Economies of the world - Definitions - Abbreviations
United Nations - Economic Comission for Latin America and the Caribbean
Twenty-Ninth Session, Brasilia, Brasil
6-10 May 2002
Globalization and Development

The process that has come to be known as globalization, -i.e., the progressively greater influence being exerted by worldwide economic, social and cultural processes over national or regional ones— is clearly leaving its mark on the world of today. This is not a new process. Its historical roots run deep. Yet the dramatic changes in terms of space and time being brought about by the communications and information revolution represent a qualitative break with the past. In the light of these changes, the countries of the region have requested the secretariat to focus the deliberations of the twenty-ninth session of ECLAC on the issue of globalization and development.
Globalization clearly opens up opportunities for development. We are all aware -and rightfully so- that national strategies should be designed to take advantage of the potential and meet the requirements associated with greater integration into the world economy.
This process also, however, entails risks:
risk generated by new sources of instability in trade flows and, especially, finance;
the risk that countries unprepared for the formidable demands of competitiveness in today’s world may be excluded from the process;
and the risk of an exacerbation of the
structural heterogeneity existing among social sectors and regions within countries whose linkages with the world economy are segmented and marginal in nature.
Many of these risks are associated with two disturbing aspects of the globalization process:
The first is the bias in the current form of market globalization created by the fact that the mobility of capital and the mobility of goods and services exist alongside severe restrictions on the mobility of labour. This is reflected in the asymmetric, incomplete nature of the international agenda that accompanies the globalization process. This agenda does not, for example, include labour mobility. Nor does it include mechanisms for ensuring the global coherence of the central economies’ macroeconomic policies, international standards for the appropriate taxation of capital, or agreements regarding the mobilization of resources to relieve the distributional tensions generated by globalization between and within countries...The second...

Report of the Secretary-General of UNCTAD to
Globalization for Development: Opportunities and Challenges
(7/4/2007), 85 Pages
Accra, Ghana - 20-25 April 2008
Addressing the opportunities and challenges of globalization for development.

By now it is widely acknowledged that globalization has generated remarkable wealth and prosperity for particular countries and particular industries. But those benefits have not reached large swathes of the world population; in numerous developing countries, and even within some of the more prosperous countries, there are many people who have not benefited or who are even worse off. Given that globalization will continue for the foreseeable future, the conference will explore ways to harness globalization to raise living standards, reduce poverty and ensure sustainable development.

The GTAP Eleventh Annual Conference:
Future of the Global Economy
June 12 -14 2008
General Information - 2008 Conference Papers
The goal of the conference is to promote the exchange of ideas among economists conducting quantitative analysis of global economic issues. Particular emphasis will be placed on applied general equilibrium methods, data, and application. Related theoretical and applied work is also welcome.
A global network of individuals and institutions conducting economy-wide analysis of trade, resource, and environmental policy issues has emerged. Thousands of these researchers now use a common data base supplied by the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP). The project is coordinated by the Center for Global Trade Analysis at Purdue University with the support of a consortium of national and international agencies. Participants are given an opportunity to present their work, interact with other professionals in the field, and learn about the most recent developments in global economic analysis.
The themes of the Eleventh Annual Conference are:
-- Globalization and economies in transition;
-- Development, poverty and vulnerability;
-- Energy and environment; and
-- Wealth, aging and income distribution

Journal of World-Systems Research
23 December 2006
JWSR is currently operating on absolutely no budget. Please consider making a donation or buying a mug at the JWSR Store.
 Archive  |  Vol. 12   |  Num. 2 (December 2006)
View the entire issue as a single PDF file.
Alternate Download Site

Front Material  
Peter Turchin, Jonathan M. Adams, & Thomas D. Hall East-West Orientation of Historical Empires and Modern States

Robert Schon &
Michael L. Galaty
Diachronic Frontiers: Landscape Archaeology in Highland Albania

Kathleen C. Schwartzman Globalization from a World-System Perspective: A New Phase in the Core–A New Destiny for Brazil and the Semiperiphery?

Clifford L. Staples Board Interlocks and the Study of the Transnational Capitalist Class

Manuela Boatcă The Effect of Economic and Cultural Globalization on Anti-U.S. Transnational Terrorism 1971-2000
Book Reviews
Richard Falk
The Great Terror War
Reviewed by Emanuel Gregory Boussios

Neil Smith
The Endgame of Globalization
Reviewed by John Gulick

Assaf Razin and Efraim Sadka
The Decline of the Welfare State: Demography and Globalization
Reviewed by Nicole Wolfe

Noam Chomsky
Failed States: The Abuse of Power and the Assault on Democracy
Reviewed by Steven Sherman

Jeffrey T. Jackson
The Globalizers: Development Workers in Action
Reviewed by Brian J. Gareau

|   Archive  |  Vol. 12   |  Num. 2 (December 2006)
From Center for Global Development
The World is not Flat: Inequality and Injustice in our Global Economy
By Nancy Birdsall - 10/31/2005
Nancy Birdsall addresses the challenge that global inequality poses for managing globalization so that it works for the developing world. She first argues that inequality matters to people. Moreover, in developing countries, where markets and politics are far-from-perfect, inequality can be destructive, reducing prospects for growth, poverty reduction, and good government. She then turns to a fundamental problem of globalization--that it is asymmetric, i.e. that it benefits the rich more than the poor, both within and across countries. Birdsall argues that the world is not flat as argued by New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman. Rather, what appears to be a level playing field to people on the surface is actually a field full of craters in which poor people and poor countries are stuck. Birdsall discusses the implications of these craters for shared prosperity, global security, and global social justice. 
The New Economic Geography: effects and policy implications
A symposium sponsored by The Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City
August 24-26, 2006

- Shift in economic geography and their causes
- Consequences for production and prices, employment and wages
- Consequences for financial markets and global savings and investment
- Strategies for growth - Implications for monetary policy - Overview panel

From The Economist
On the hiking trail 
Globalisation is generating huge economic gains. That is no reason to ignore its costs
Aug 31st 2006
From Global Agenda - 2006
Noam Chomsky and Maria Ahmed

Noam Chomsky sets out his vision of fair globalization in conversation with Global Agenda’s Maria Ahmed
For the record, I am in favour of globalization. That has been true of the left and the labour movement since their modern origins. That’s why every union is called an international; why there were several abortive attempts to form internationals; and why I’ve always taken for granted, and repeatedly written, that the global justice movements of the past few years, meeting annually in Porto Alegre, Mumbai, and elsewhere (and now having spawned many regional social forums) are perhaps the seeds of a real international. That is, globalization that prioritizes the rights of people – real people of flesh and blood.
From The Guardian - 13 July 2006
The death of Doha signals the demise of globalisation
As developing countries acquire a powerful voice, the US shuns multilateral trade deals because it can no longer get its own way
By Martin Jacques
The freer movement of trade and capital has been a fundamental characteristic of the past 25 years of globalisation. The Doha round, initiated in 2001, was the latest attempt to keep the process rolling. It now looks doomed. The deadlock between the US, the EU, Japan and the developing countries seems final. And with the fast-track powers of the US president - which enable trade agreements to bypass Congress - scheduled to come to an end in 2007, any agreement later than this year will be subject to the unpredictability and delay of Capitol Hill. In other words, it is now or never, and it looks more and more like never.
From Finance and Development - March 2006
Examining Global Imbalances
Philip R. Lane and Gian Maria Milesi-Feretti
A new data set on external assets and liabilities reveals that U.S. investors have earned much higher returns on their assets than they pay on their liabilities. As a result, the United States has been able to run large current account deficits over the past four years without experiencing a major deterioration in its net external liabilities.
London - 4 April 2006
World's biggest 25 food companies not taking health seriously enough
The world’s top 25 food companies appear not to be taking the new global diet and health agenda seriously enough, says an 80 page report from The City University out today.
Researchers at City’s Centre for Food Policy studied the annual reports, accounts and HQ websites (to Autumn 2005) of the top 10 food manufacturers, top 10 food retailers and top 5 foodservice companies (top 3 fast food and top 2 contract caterers).They were rated for whether the companies were doing anything about the health agenda agreed by the world’s governments at the World Health Organisation.
In May 2004, a Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity and Health was passed by the World Health Assembly (the WHO’s governing body). This made recommendations to companies as to what they could do to health tackle the world’s diet crisis – not just obesity but heart disease, cancers and diabetes.
The process that has come to be known as globalization -i.e., the progressively greater influence being exerted by worldwide economic, social and cultural processes over national or regional ones-  is clearly leaving its mark on the world of today. This is not a new process. Its historical roots run deep. Yet the dramatic changes in terms of space and time being brought about by the communications and information revolution represent a qualitative break with the past. In the light of these changes, the countries of the region have requested the secretariat to focus the deliberations of the twenty-ninth session of ECLAC on the issue of globalization and development.
ECLAC: Twenty-ninth Session - Brasilia, Brazil
6-10 MAY 2002

Globalization and development
The neoliberal   point of view
Freer Trade?
Special Edition, December 2005 Web Exclusive
Sixty years of multilateral trade negotiations have resulted in ever-lower barriers and ever-higher economic growth worldwide. There is still a chance that the Doha Round — the current series of trade talks — could continue this pattern, but on the verge of the WTO's Hong Kong ministerial meeting, the prospects do not look good. In this special edition of Foreign Affairs, some of the world's top experts on international trade consider what will be necessary for the Doha Round to succeed — and what might happen if it does not.
From UNRISD - October 2005
Methodological and Data Challenges to Identifying the Impacts of Globalization and Liberalization on Inequality

By Albert Berry
Globalization (the increasing degree of economic interaction among countries) and liberalization (reductions in government intervention in markets, partly with respect to international interaction but also more generally) are two of the defining features of the last couple of decades. Both have given rise to contentious debate, with views ranging from the very optimistic to the very sceptical. In this paper, Albert Berry reviews the evidence on how the two trends have affected inequality (and hence poverty) at the world level and within countries.

The sources of neoliberal globalization
By Jan Aart Scholte
In reflecting on the future fate of neoliberalism, it is important to understand where the doctrine has come from and what sustains it: know the past and present in order to shape the future. On this inspiration, this paper offers an account of the institutional and deeper structural forces that have given neoliberalism its primacy in shaping globalization over the past quarter-century...What, more precisely, does globality entail? It is argued that globalization involves the growth of transplanetary—and in particular supraterritorial—connections between people. Hence, globality is in the first place a feature of social geography. A distinction therefore needs to be rigorously maintained between globalization as a reconfiguration of social space and neoliberalism as a particular—and contestable—policy approach to this trend.

The Search for Policy Autonomy in the South: Universalism, Social Learning and the Role of Regionalism
By Norman Girvan
This paper argues the need for the South to secure greater autonomy in development policy... It utilizes a political economy analysis in the historical context of decolonization and contemporary globalization... in the 1950s, the new subdiscipline of development economics made a significant contribution to policy autonomy in the global South by legitimizing the principle that their economies should be understood within their own terms and by providing justification for policies that built up its industrial capabilities...However, the marginalization of development economics and its policies in the 1980s resulted in a marked discontinuity in the accumulation of policy experience in much of the South and the squandering of much of intellectual capital developed in the earlier period. Neoclassical economics and neoliberal policies ruled out the notion of an economics sui generis for the developing countries. Nonetheless, developments since the late 1990s have shown that the triumphalism was premature, as global social movements, financial crises, contradictions in the World Trade Organization (WTO) process and the shifting political climate in the South have served to undermine the Washington consensus and have re-opened space for academic enquiry and policy experimentation in the South and North.

Globalization: Themes in Theories of Colonialism and Postcolonialism
-- The Concept of Globalization
-- Postcoloniality and the Postcolony: Theories of the Global and the Local
-- English in Carthage; or, the "Tenth Crusade"
-- Globalization, Its Implications and Consequences for Africa
-- Imagining a Global Democratic Public Sphere: Reclaiming Feminism, Schooling and Economic Justice --A review of Robin Goodman's World, Class, Women

RRojas Databank is a member of Development Gateway hosted by The World Bank
From The Washington Post - August 19th 2005
Break on Foreign-Profit Tax Means Billions to U.S. Firms

By Jonathan Weisman
Prompted by a one-time tax holiday on profits earned abroad, pharmaceutical giant Eli Lilly and Co. announced early this year that it would bring home $8 billion to boost research and development spending, capital investments and other job-creating ventures. Six months into the year, Lilly's R&D spending had increased by 10 percent. But that $134 million is only a small fraction of the $8 billion that is boosting the company's coffers.
April 2005 - From The World Bank Group
Prospects for the Global Economy
Global growth: 2004 was a record for developing country growth, but activity began to slow in the second half and this slowing trend is expected to continue through 2007.
Global imbalances, exchange rates and inflation : Higher U.S. interest rates should reverse the upward trend in the current account and prevent a disorderly decline in the dollar. Slower growth should help moderate incipient inflationary pressure, especially among developing countries.
World trade: Trade flows are expected to remain high, but slower growth will slow the pace of export and import volume growth during 2005-07.
Andrés Solimano - 2002
Globalizing talent and human capital: implications for developing countries

27 March 2005 - The Observer
Super-rich hide trillions offshore
· Study reveals assets 10 times larger than UK GDP
· Exchequers deprived of hundreds of billions in tax
The world's richest individuals have placed $11.5 trillion of assets in offshore havens, mainly as a tax avoidance measure. The shock new figure - 10 times Britain's GDP - is contained in the most authoritative study of the wealth held in offshore accounts ever conducted.
BBC World News: - 17 March 2005
Wolfowitz to spread neo-con gospel

By Paul Reynolds World Affairs correspondent, BBC News website
By nominating Paul Wolfowitz to be head of the World Bank, President George Bush appears to be sending a message to the world that he intends to spread into development policy the same neo-conservative philosophy that has led his foreign policy.
Wolfowitz seeks to calm critics
Dismay at Wolfowitz's nomination
Bush backs hawk for World Bank
Wolfensohn quits World Bank
Profile: Paul Wolfowitz
Wolf at World Bank's door?
Head-to-Head: The right choice?
In quotes: Wolfowitz reaction
Q&A: What the World Bank does IMF and World Bank: reform underway?

17 March 2005
Brazil: navigating the straits of globalization

By Mark S. Langevin
Back in the 1500’s, Ferdinand Magellan circumnavigated the Americas by daring to sail through the dangerous straits of its rugged Southern edges. Nearly five centuries later, Brazil stands poised to navigate the straits of globalization as a “world trader,” the leader of Latin America — and the voice of the majority who languish at the margins of the global economy. Mark Langevin explains.

 The Prebisch Lecture

UNCTAD PAST AND PRESENT: OUR NEXT FORTY YEARS (12th Prebisch Lecture, September 2004), by Rubens Ricupero Secretary-General of UNCTAD (PREBISCH 12th Lecture)
14/09/04, 56 Kb

MARKETS, POLITICS AND GLOBALIZATION: CAN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY BE CIVILIZED? (10h Prebisch Lecture, December 2000), by Gerald Karl Helleiner, Centre for International Studies University of Toronto, Canada. (PREBISCH 10th Lecture)
11/12/00, 25 Pages, 118 Kb

TOWARDS A NEW PARADIGM FOR DEVELOPMENT (9th Prebisch Lecture, October 1998), By Dr. Joseph E. Stiglitz, Senior Vice President and Chief Economist, The World Bank (PREBISCH 9th Lecture)
19/10/98, 34 Pages, 166 Kb

GLOBALIZATION SOCIAL CONFLICT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH (8h Prebisch Lecture, October 1997), By Dany Rodrik, Rafiq Hariri Professor of International Political Economy, John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University (PREBISCH 8th Lecture)
24/10/97, 21 Pages, 433 Kb

Structural Adjustment Participatory Review Initiative:
April 2002
The Policy Roots of Economic Crisis and Poverty. Full report
A multi-country participatory assessment of structural adjustment.
Executive Summary
The World Bank Group acknowledges the dramatic social and economic damage caused by its economic policies (mainly structural adjustment programmes) imposed on developing societies in the last 30 years, and launches a new neo-liberal recipe called "development policy lending". Of course, being The World Bank Group the "visible hand" of the big international capital, its new development policy lending looks very much the same old wine in new bottles. Below are the official press releases and papers by the World Bank Group
(Dr. Róbinson Rojas) (August 2004)

From Adjustment Lending to Development Policy Support Lending
Aug 09, 2004 From Adjustment Lending to Development Policy Lending: An Evolution
Aug 09, 2004 Why Development Policy Lending’s Time Has Come
Aug 06, 2004 Development Policy Lending Replaces Adjustment Lending
From BBC World:
World trade blocs: an introduction

The World Bank Group
Global Economic Prospects 2005
Trade, regionalism and development
Rivers Run Black, and Chinese Die of Cancer
September 12, 2004
By JIM YARDLEY, The New York Times
Note by Róbinson Rojas: This investigation by Jim Yardley illustrates what the Chinese capitalist ruling class is doing in China to make of its economy a "powerhouse" for the enrichment of the few and the suffering of the many. This is what some of  us define as  "savage capitalism". Of course, this local environmental catastrophe help to make even more dramatic the global environmental catastrophe, both driven by the partnership between the Chinese capitalist class and the international capitalist class. It seems to me that international public action is necessary to stop this crime against the Chinese population and life on planet earth.
Development and Globalization: Facts and Figures 2004
Analyses supported by detailed statistical documentation. The report is aimed at a broad audience, including readers with little or no background in economics. It provides an overview of the evolution of developing countries in the context of globalization. It is a quick-reference tool for evaluating the growth prospects of developing countries. General topics covered include population and economic trends, external finance and debt, foreign direct investment, transnational corporations, international trade, production and trade of commodities and manufactures, and information and communication technologies (ICT). 119 pages.
Foreign Direct Investment Statistics
The Industrial Development Report 2002/2003. Competing through innovation and learning
July 28, 2004
Report on the evaluation of the role of the IMF in Argentina, 1991-2001
World Development Report 2005 Draft
Improving the investment climate for growth and poverty reduction
Overview: Table of Contents
Overview: A better investment climate—for everyone
Part I: Improving the Investment Climate: Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Unleashing growth and poverty reduction
Chapter 2: Challenges to improving the investment climate
Chapter 3: Making progress
Part II: Focusing on the Basics: Table of Contents
Chapter 4: Security and stability
Chapter 5: Regulation and taxation
Chapter 6: Finance and infrastructure
Chapter 7: Workers and labor markets
Part III: Beyond the Basics: Table of Contents
Chapter 8: Selective intervention
Chapter 9: International rules and standards
Part IV: How the International Community Can Help: Table of Contents
Chapter 10: How the international community can help

Over the last 70 years or so, an international capitalist class have been trying to create a world order ruled by oligopoly capital. U.S. ruling elites have being leading this process. After the collapse of bureaucratic socialism they are implementing a Project for the New American Century which is unleashing, once again, U.S. State Terrorism all over the world. To understand better how the international capitalist class enforces its domination mainly through U.S. State Terrorism, I include here two texts ( Carroll & Carson, and Fraser & Beeston). More reading on this is available at (Dr. Róbinson Rojas)
W. K. Carroll & C. Carson:
Forging a New Hegemony? The Role of Transnational Policy Groups in the Network and Discourses of Global Corporate Governance
I. Fraser and M. Beeston:
The Brotherhood
Part 1: Introduction. The Main Manipulating Groups
Part 2: The Main Protagonists
Part 3: Economic Control. Steps Towards a Global Bank
Part 4: Political Control
Part 5: The World Army
Part 6: Population Control
Part 7: Who We Are & Mind Manipulation
Part 8: Further Examples of Manipulation
Part 9: The Pharmaceutical Racket
Part 10: Seeing Beyond the Veil
R. Rojas, 2001
International capital: a menace to human dignity and life on planet earth
Notes on globalisation and its effects on developing societies as explained by structuralism and dependency theory
International Financial Institutions Watch Net
Focus on:
Institution: ADB (Africa) | ADB (Asia) | EBRD | EIB | IADB | IMF | World Bank Group | IFIs general
Topic: Environment | Finance and debt | Future of the IFIs | IFI governance | Private Sector | Social issues | Structural adjustment | Trade
Region: East Asia and Pacific | Eastern Europe and Central Asia | Latin America and Caribbean | Middle East North Africa | North America | South Asia | Sub-Saharan Africa | Western Europe | International
Center for Economic Policy Research
D. Dutta ( Sept. 2002)
Effects of Globalisation on Employment and Poverty in Dualistic Economies: The Case of India

R. Jha (July 2002)
Rural Poverty in India: Structure, determinants and suggestions for policy reform

NAFTA's promise and reality. Lessons from Mexico for the Hemisphere
J. Audley, S. Polaski, D.G. Papademetriou, and S. Vaughan
(November 2003)

Introduction in English or Spanish
Chapter 1: Jobs, Wages, and Household Income
Chapter 2: The Shifting Expectations of Free Trade and Migration
Chapter 3: The Greenest Trade Agreement Ever? Measuring the Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Liberalization
Breaking the Mould: an institutionalist political economy alternative to the neoliberal theory of the market and the state
Ha-Joon Chang, 2001

(summary) ... (full text)
An opportunity to influence Globalization
Experts recommended Southern governments not to overload the World Trade Organization with new issues and to see the coming UN summit on Financing for Development as an opportunity to start reforming the IMF. See the document.

The World Bank's strategy for Uruguay

In its document of strategy for the next five years, the World Bank announces a reduction of its loans to Uruguay. It also demands the privatization of the state banking system and social policies.
See the whole document.

North-South negotiations online
A daily report on the diplomatic negotiations around key globalization issues is now available on line:
The publication of the prestigious South-North Development Monitor information service on the Internet is the result of a colaborative effort between SUNS, Third World Network and the Ngonet programme of the Third World Institute.
The General Agreement on Trade and Commerce

- debate
- corporate lobbying
- development
- education
- e-commerce
- energy
- environment
- financial services
- gender issues
- health
- labour rights
- labour mobility
- libraries
- local government
- postal services
- public services
- privatisation
- retail / wholesale
- tourism
- transport
- water
Journal of World-Systems Research:
Volume X Number 1 Winter 2004:
Global  Social Movements Before and After 9-11

View the entire issue as a single PDF file. (2.5 MB) Alternate Download Site

Front Material (Cover, Table of Contents, Masthead)


Bruce Podobnik & Thomas Ehrlich Reifer
The Globalization Protest Movement in Comparative Perspective
Jeffrey M. Ayres
Framing Collective Action Against Neoliberalism: The Case of the "Anti-Globalization" Movement
Frederick H. Buttel & Kenneth A. Gould
Global Social Movement(s) at the Crossroads: Some Observations on the Trajectory of the Anti-Corporate Globalization Movement
Lesley J. Wood
Breaking the Bank & Taking to the Streets: How Protesters Target Neoliberalism
Kenneth A. Gould, Tammy L. Lewis, &
J. Timmons Roberts

Blue-Green Coalitions: Constraints and Possibilities in the Post 9-11 Political Environment
Amory Starr
How Can Anti-Imperialism Not Be Anti-Racist? The North American Anti-Globalization Movement
Thomas D. Hall &
James V. Fenelon

The Futures of Indigenous Peoples: 9-11 and the Trajectory of Indigenous Survival and Resistance
Gianpaolo Baiocchi
The Party and the Multitude: Brazil's Workers' Party (PT) and the Challenges of building a Just Social Order in a Globalizing Context
Peter Waterman
Adventures of Emancipatory Labour Strategy as the New Global Movement Challenges
Transnational Institute
The Berkeley Roundtable on the International Economy:
Selected Working Papers
(For use in the class room only. Dr. Róbinson Rojas):
*The External Sector, the State and Development in Eastern Europe. Barry Eichengreen and Richard Kohl. March 1998
*Trade Patterns, FDI, and Industrial Restructuring of Central
and Eastern Europe. Paolo Guerrieri. July 1998
*Foreign Participation in US-Funded R&D: the EUV Project as a
New Model for a New Reality. Michael Borrus.  March 1998
*Reunifying Europe in an Emerging World Economy: Economic

Heterogeneity, New Industrial Options, and Political Choices.
John Zysman and Andrew Schwartz.  March 1998.
*China's Financial Reform: Achievements and Challenges.

Barry Naughton.  April 1998.
*Can Japan Disengage? Winners and Losers in Japan's Political

Economy, and the Ties That Bind Them. Steven K. Vogel. December 1997.
*Institutional Implications of WTO Accession for China.
Richard Steinberg. November 1997.
*Advanced Displays in Korea and Taiwan.  Greg Linden, Jeffrey Hart

and Stefanie Lenway. December 1997.
*Integrating Central and Eastern Europe In the European Trade

and Production Network. Françoise Lemoine. July 1998.
*The Agricultural and Food Sectors. Integration of Eastern Europe

and Russia. Tim Josling and Stefan Tangermann,.July 1998.
*Left for Dead: Asian Production Networks and the Revival

of US Electronics. Michael Borrus. April 1997.
*From partial to systemic globalization: international production Networks in the electronic industry D. Ernst
Working Papers by Gernot Kohler:
The Structure of Global Money

What is Global Keynesianism?
Unequal Exchange 1965 - 1995: World Trend and World Tables
A  theory of world income
A  simulation of global exploitation
Globalization as a Shaikh-Pasinetti Dynamic
Surplus Value and Transfer Value
Is there a new economy? Kevin Stiroh. 1999
Speculative Microeconomics for tomorrow's economy Delong/Froomkin

From market madness to recession. F. Lebanon (1998)
Is globalisation inevitable and desirable? A public debate
How the "new emperors" determine the destiny of the world I. Ramonet (1996)
Ninth Ministerial Meeting of the Group of 77 and China on globalization (1999)
World Trade Organization
The Environment
International Trade
Documents on line
Trade and Development Centre
The World Bank: Financial structure and economic development
International Organizations
Permanent Missions to the United Nations
The United Nations System
The World Bank
International Monetary Fund

Human Development Report 2000. Human rights and human development
World Investment Report 2000
The World Bank: Financial structure and economic development
The World Bank: Can Africa Claim the 21st Century?
World Development Reports
World Economic Outlook. April 2000
World Economic Outlook. Oct. 2000
Key Reference Tables
World Development Indicators 1999
World Development Indicators 2000
The Progress of Nations 1999
Global Development Finance 1998 Volume I
Global Development Finance 1999 Volume I
Global Development Finance 1999 Country Tables
Global Development Finance 2000 Volume I
Global Development Finance 2000 Country Tables
Global Economic Prospects and the Developing Countries 2000
The State of Food Insecurity in the World 1999
The State of Food and Agriculture 1998
World Resources 1998-99: Data Tables
World Resources 1998-99: Global Trends
World Resources 1996-97: Database
World Data Center for Human Interactions in the Environment
Human Development Report Indicators
Economic Literacy
Action Literacy
Marx, K. Capital, volumen 1
Marx, K. Capital, volumen 2
Marx, K. Capital, volumen 3
Marx, K. Grundisse
Marx, K. Production, Consumption, Distribution, Exchange
Marx, K. Wage-labour and capital
Marx, K./Engels, F. Bourgeois and proletarians(1848)
Marx/Engels Library
WCC: Ecumenical Reflexions on Political Economy (1988)
UNDP: Growth as means to human development (1996)
UNDP: Ten years of Human Development (1990-1999)
UNDP: Human Development Reports 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990
R. Rojas: Sustainable development in a globalized economy? The odds. 1999
R. Rojas: Sustainable development in a globalized economy. 1997
R. Rojas: Making sense of development studies
R. Rojas: Notes on the philosophy of the capitalist system
R. Rojas: Notes on economics: assuming scarcity
R. Rojas: Notes on economics: about obscenities, poverty and inequality
R. Rojas: Notes on structural adjustment programmes
R. Rojas: Agenda 21 revisited (notes)
R. Rojas: 15 years of monetarism in Latin America: time to scream
R.Rojas: Latin America: a failed industrial revolution
R.Rojas: Latin America: the making of a fractured society
R.Rojas: Latin America: a dependent mode of production
S. Saumon: The IMF and the World Bank, tools of "Development Diplomacy"?
S. Saumon: From state capitalism to neo-liberalism in Algeria: the case of a failing state
S. Saumon: External domination via domestic states: the case of Francophone Africa
S. Saumon: French neo-colonialism in Francophone Africa? The role of the state in processes of foreign domination
Globalisation and Europeanisation Network in Education
Index and Conversion Factors
World Economic Outlook Reports
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO)-- April 2004
Description: The April 2004 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: April 14, 2004
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO)-- September 2003
Description: The September 2003 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: September 13, 2003
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO)-- April 2003
Description: The April 2003 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: April 09, 2003
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO)-- September 2002
Description: The September 2002 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: September 25, 2002
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO), April 2002--Contents
Description: The April 2002 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: April 18, 2002
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO), The Global Economy After September 11, December 2001--Contents
Description: The December 2001 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: December 18, 2001
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO), The Information Technology Revolution, October 2001--Contents
Description: The October 2001 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: September 26, 2001
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO), Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Stability, May 2001--Contents
Description: The May 2001 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: April 26, 2001
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO), Focus on Transition Economies, October 2000--Contents
Description: The October 2000 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: September 19, 2000
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO), Asset Prices and the Business Cycle, May 2000--Contents
Description: The May 2000 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: May 12, 2000
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO), Safeguarding Macroeconomic Stability at Low Inflation, October 1999 -- Contents
Description: The October 1999 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: September 22, 1999
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO), International Financial Contagion, May 1999--Contents
Description: The May 1999 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: May 01, 1999
World Economic Outlook and International Capital Markets--Interim Assessment, December 1998 -- Table of Contents
Description: The December 1998 World Economic Outlook (WEO) and International Capital Markets Interim Assessment Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: December 21, 1998
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO), Financial Turbulence and the World Economy, October 1998--Contents
Description: The October 1998 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: October 01, 1998
IMF World Economic Outlook (WEO), Financial Crises: Causes and Indicators, May 1998--Contents
Description: The May 1998 World Economic Outlook (WEO) Table of Contents with links to the full text in PDF format
Date: May 01, 1998

9 June 2005
Capitalist Economic Terrorism

Note by Róbinson Rojas: Free-market fundamentalism, which can be described as capitalist economic terrorism, is creating a world with a small bunch of super rich and a big majority just surviving on their income. United States is a telling case study of this. What began with  the Reagan Administration is reaching obscene features with the Bush Administration. Statistics show that "for every additional dollar earned by the bottom 90 percent of the population between 1950 and 1970, those in the top 0.01 percent earned an additional $162. That gap has since skyrocketed. For every additional dollar earned by the bottom 90 percent between 1990 and 2002, each taxpayer in that top bracket brought in an extra $18,000." The New York Times is publishing a special section ("Class Matters"), from which I select here some important texts. They show how capitalist economic terrorism (free-market fundamentalism) can disjoint a society. The winners are the ones who have at their service a political class serving their interests by unleashing political and economic terrorism (otherwise known as globalization) all over planet Earth. They are building a larger U.S. empire. Modern Caligulas like Bush et al are the top layer of that political class.

The Bush Economy (7 June 2005)
Richest Are Leaving Even the Rich Far Behind (5 June 2005)
Crushing Upward Mobility (7 June 2005)
Class Matters. A special section
The Mobility Myth (6 June 2005)

The New York Times - 10 June 2005
Losing Our Country
By Paul Krugman
"The middle-class society I grew up in no longer exists. Working families have seen little if any progress over the past 30 years. Adjusted for inflation, the income of the median family doubled between 1947 and 1973. But it rose only 22 percent from 1973 to 2003, and much of that gain was the result of wives' entering the paid labor force or working longer hours, not rising wages.
But the wealthy have done very well indeed. Since 1973 the average income of the top 1 percent of Americans has doubled, and the income of the top 0.1 percent has tripled."
December 31st, 2004
Confessions of an Economic Hit Man: How the U.S. Uses Globalization to Cheat Poor Countries Out of Trillions
"Interview with John Perkins, a former respected member of the international banking community. In his book Confessions of an Economic Hit Man he describes how as a highly paid professional, he helped the U.S. cheat poor countries around the globe out of trillions of dollars by lending them more money than they could possibly repay and then taking over their economies. [includes rush transcript] "
A three Kings’ January 6, 2005, Year of the Rooster Offering
Meet Uncle Sam -without clothes- parading around China and the world
Observed From the Top of the Great Wall through the Eyes of the Innocent Little Boy
by Andre Gunder Frank
Introducing Uncle Sam - Without Clothes
Uncle Sam has just reneged and defaulted on up to forty percent of its trillions of dollars [$] foreign debt, and nobody has said a word except for a line in this week’s Economist. In plain English that means that Uncle Sam runs a world-wide confidence racket with his self-made $ based on the confidence that he has elicited and received from others around the world, and he is a also a dead-beat in that he does not honor and return the money he has received. How much of our dollar stake we lost depends on how much we, the creditors, originally paid for it. He let, or rather through his deliberate political economic policies, drove his $ down by over 40 percent from one Euro at $ 80 cents at its highest to now 135 cents against the Euro, Yen, Yuan and other currencies. And $ is still declining, indeed apt to plummet altogether.

Samir Amin on:
Imperialism and Globalization

Notes of a talk delivered at the World Social Forum meeting in Porto Alegre, Brazil in January 2001.
Imperialism is not a stage, not even the highest stage, of capitalism: from the beginning, it is inherent in capitalism’s expansion. The imperialist conquest of the planet by the Europeans and their North American children was carried out in two phases and is perhaps entering a third.
The first phase of this devastating enterprise was organized around the conquest of the Americas, in the framework of the mercantilist system of Atlantic Europe at the time. The net result was the destruction of the Indian civilizations and their Hispanicization- Christianization, or simply the total genocide on which the United States was built.
Tax Justice Network
The global Tax Justice Network arose out of meetings at the European Social Forum in Florence, late 2002, and at the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre, early 2003. It is a response to harmful trends in global taxation, which threaten states' ability to tax the wealthy beneficiaries of globalisation. These trends have disturbing implications for development, democracy, public services and poverty, as explained further in the network's Declaration

From the
Center for Economic and Policy Research

The Scorecard on Globalization 1980-2000
Twenty Years of Diminished Progress

M. Weisbrot, D. Baker, E. Kraev and J. Chen - July  2001
This report looks at economic and social indicators for all countries for which data are available and compares the period of 1980-2000 with the previous 20 years. Indicators include: the growth of income per person, life expectancy, mortality, literacy, and education. It finds a very clear decline in progress as compared with the period 1960-1980.

Mark Weisbrot, Dean Baker, and David Rosnick
The Scorecard on Development: 25 Years of Diminished Progress - September 2005
This paper looks at the available data on economic growth and various social indicators — including health outcomes and education — and compares the last 25 years (1980-2005)1 with the prior two decades (1960-1980). The paper finds that, contrary to popular belief, the past 25 years (1980-2005) have seen a sharply slower rate of economic growth and reduced progress on social indicators for the vast majority of low- and middle-income countries.

Poor Numbers: The Impact of Trade Liberalization on World Poverty
M. Weisbrot, D. Rosnik, and D. Baker - November  2004
Many economists and policy analysts have promoted trade liberalization in rich countries as the most effective way to reduce poverty in the developing world. Cline (2004), one of the leading references on this topic, projected that rich country trade liberalization would lift 540 million people out of poverty. This paper analyses Cline’s projections and finds that the impact of trade liberalization on poverty would be very small.

Going Down with the Dollar: The Cost to Developing Countries of a Declining Dollar
M. Weisbrot, D. Rosnick, and D. Baker - September  2004
In the years since the East Asian financial crisis in 1997, many developing countries have sought to increase their holdings of foreign reserves to protect their currencies against financial instability. This paper shows that, because the dollar is overvalued, this strategy may actually increase risks.

Dangerous Trends: The Growth of Debt in the U.S. Economy
D. Baker - September  2004
This paper looks at how two forms of debts that have received little attention in the media – household debt and foreign debt — will pose large burdens on the economy.

Double Bubble: The Implications of the Over-Valuation of the Stock Market and the Dollar
D. Baker - June 2000
This report examines the over-valued stock market and dollar and finds that current stock prices are inconsistent with plausible projections of future profit growth.
More papers here

Social Watch Annual Reports:

2008: Rights is the answer
2007: In dignity and rights
2006: Impossible Architecture
2005: Roars and Whispers. Gender and poverty:             promises vs. action
2004:Fear and Want. Obstacles to Human Security
2003: The Poor and the Market
2002: The social impact of globalisation in the world
2001: Much ado...
2000: From the summits to the grassroots
1999: From the summits to the grassroots
1998: Equity and social development
1997: From the summits to the grassroots

1996: Women and citizenship in Latin America

J.S. Saul/C. Leys,
  Sub-Saharan Africa in Global Capitalism, 1999

World Bank,
Can Africa Claim the 21st Century?, 2000

O. Coeur de Roy,
The African challenge: internet, networking and connectivity activities in a developing environment

F. Mayor,
Africa and globalization: the challenges of democracy and governance. 1998

Marcos Arruda,
Neo-liberal Financial Globalization: capitalism's grave illness.

Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa,
The Market tells them so: the World Bank and Economic Fundamentalism in Africa
United Nations University,
Globalization and Development in Africa: online papers
Finance and Development:
Globalization in Africa, Dec. 2001
The United Nations University (2004):
Globalization and Development in Africa

Journal of World-Systems Research:
Number 2 (Summer 2003)
On Globalization and the Environment
Andrew K. Jorgenson & Edward L. Kick
Globalization and the Environment
Alf Hornborg
Cornucopia or Zero-Sum Game? The Epistemology of Sustainability
Stephen G. Bunker
Matter, Space, Energy, and Political Economy: The Amazon in the World-System
Peter Grimes & Jeffrey Kentor
Exporting the Greenhouse: Foreign Capital Penetration and CO2 Emissions 1980–1996
J. Timmons Roberts, Peter E. Grimes & Jodie L. Manale
Social Roots of Global Environmental Change: A World-Systems Analysis of Carbon Dioxide Emissions
R. Scott Frey
The Transfer of Core-Based Hazardous Production Processes to the Export Processing Zones of the Periphery: The Maquiladora Centers of Northern Mexico
Thomas J. Burns, Edward L. Kick, & Byron L. Davis
Theorizing and Rethinking Linkages Between the Natural Environment and the Modern World-System: Deforestation in the Late 20th Century
Review Essay
Andrew K. Jorgenson
Lateral Pressure and Deforestation    A Review Essay of Environmental Impacts of Globalization and Trade: A Systems Study by Corey L Lofdahl

Book Reviews
Franz J. Broswimmer
Ecocide: A Short History of Mass Extinction of Species
Reviewed by Florencio R. Riguera
Arthur Mol and Frederick Buttel (eds)
The Environmental State Under Pressure

Reviewed by Bruce Podobnik

International Labour Organisation (2004)
World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalization
A Fair Globalization: creating opportunities for all

"...The current process of globalization is generating unbalanced outcomes, both between and within countries. Wealth is being created, but too many countries and people are not sharing in its benefits. They also have little or no voice in shaping the process. Seen through the eyes of the vast majority of women and men, globalization has not met their simple and legitimate aspirations for decent jobs and a better future for their children. Many of them live in the limbo of the informal economy without formal rights and in a swathe of poor countries that subsist precariously on the margins of the global economy. Even in economically successful countries some workers and communities have been adversely affected by globalization. Meanwhile the revolution in global communications heightens awareness of these disparities."

J. Brecher, T. Costello and B. Smith:
Globalization from below
Corporate Europe Observatory
Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO) is a European-based research and campaign group targeting the threats to democracy, equity, social justice and the environment posed by the economic and political power of corporations and their lobby groups
Investment Watch
Friends of the Earth Europe
Beyond the Washington Consensus
Jeremy Clift
In 1989, economist John Williamson coined the term Washington Consensus. It referred to a set of reforms that many economists and policymakers believed Latin America would have to undertake to recover economically from the debt crisis of the 1980s. The reforms soon came to be seen as a model for other developing regions to follow. Results have not met expectations, however, and today, there is fresh debate about the reform agenda outlined in the Consensus.
(From "Finance and Development", Sept. 2003)

From Reform Agenda to Damaged Brand Name
John Williamson
The author of the term Washington Consensus explains how he came up with the 10-point reform package set forth in the Consensus. He says the term has acquired such different meanings that it is time to drop it from the vocabulary and describes what the policy agenda should look like now, given the disappointing results of the reforms of the 1990s. (From "F&D", Sept. 2003)

Latin America: Overcoming Reform Fatigue
Guillermo Ortiz
The governor of Mexico's central bank talks about the disappointing results of the "first-generation" reforms of the Washington Consensus and emphasizes the importance of "second-generation reforms"—building the right institutional framework. (From "F&D", Sept. 2003)

Africa: Finding the Right Path
Trevor A. Manuel
South Africa's Minister of Finance says that some of the reforms in the Washington Consensus did not apply to Africa the way they did to Latin America, and that the Washington Consensus failed to address three of Africa's main problems: the dual economy, lack of social capital, and weak states. (From "F&D", Sept. 2003)

Global capitalism, deflation and agrarian crisis in developing countries
U. Patnak, 2003
Social policy in a development context
T. Mkandawire, 2001
External dependency and internal transformation: Argentina confronts the long debt crisis
J. Schwarzer, 2000
Globalization and its impact on developing countries.
Geneva, 12-14 September 2001
Global Built Environment Review
A journal for architecture, planning, development and the environment GBER is being launched as a refereed quarterly electronic journal with a yearly printed edition. It aims to have a wide international readership comprising of architects, planners, developmentalists, environmentalists and students from both the western and the developing world. Although the main focus of GBER is the 'Built Environment' it also intends to include debates from the perspectives of the related macro socio economic, political and developmental issues. Its editorial policy particularly welcomes the views expressed through the socio culltural determinants of the present day 'multi cultural' society which influences the contemporary 'Global Built Environment'. The journal is genuinely interested in debates on the built environment of both the developing and the developed world. The idea is to foster an effective north south solidarity and provide a forum to encourage a better understanding and communication on a wide variety of built environment issues including the emerging 'globalisation and its impact on both Eastern and Western multicultural built environment'.
Research Foundation for Science Technology and Ecology
World Bank :
Global Economic Prospects 2004
Realizing the Development Promise of the Doha Agenda

G. Monbiot (6 June, 2003):
Enslaved by free trade
Papers on various aspects of globalisation and the discourses of global capital
Language in the New Capitalism
J. Berthelsen (23 May, 2003):
Sliding greenback highlights trade deficit
Fidel Castro (12 April, 2000):
On Globalization
A. Gunder Frank ( 20 June, 2003):
Coup d'Etat in Washington
and Silent Surrender in America and the World

IMF: Effects of Financial Globalization on Developing Countries: Some Empirical Evidence
In this study published in 2003 by the IMF the authors state that globalisation may actually increase the risk of financial crisis in the developing world and, more importantly, there is no empirical evidence that globalisation has a significative positive effect on growth.
M. Chossudosvky: : Centre for research on Globalization
UNCTAD Handbook of Statistics, 2002
Trade and Development
1998 (overview)
The Least developed Countries 2002 Report
World Investment Report 2004

FDI Statistics Online
Country Fact Sheets
documents and papers
B. Epstein (2001)
Anarchism and the anti-globalization movement
The World Bank assesses globalisation facts and fears.Sept. 2001
World Bank Report: Globalization, Growth and Poverty, Dec. 2001
IMF: Globalization in Africa, Dec. 2001

R. Ebbs: Global Finance or Economic Crimes Against Humanity?
J. Williamson: Globalization: the concept, causes and consecuences
J. Williamson: Has globalization gone too far?
J. W. Smith: Economic democracy: the political struggle of the 21st century
M. Bienefeld and M. Godfrey (eds): The Struggle for Development. National Strategies in an International Context. Introduction
M. Bienfeld: The International Context fort National Development Strategies: Constraints and Opportunities in a Changing World
J.S. Saul/C. Leys: Sub-Saharan Africa in Global Capitalism, 1999
W. K. Tabb: Globalization is AN issue, the power of capital is THE issue, 1997
R. Greenhill/A. Pettifor: The United States as a HIPC. How the poor are financing the rich, 2002

The Other Path: Interview with Hernando de Soto
International forum on globalization
On the IMF and the World Bank
Boston Review: A political and literary forum
New Democracy Forum
After the Cold War: the North/South Divide

UNCTAD: Trade and Development Report, 2000
UNCTAD: The Least Developed Countries 2000 Report
Ajit Singh:    Global Economic Trends and Social Development, 2000
CAPACITY 21 Resource Library (UNDP)
UNRISD: Adjustment, Globalization and Social Development 1995
UNRISD:    Globalization and Civil Society: NGO influence in international decision-making
UNRISD:    World Economic Situation and Prospects 2000
UNRISD:    Report on the World Social Situation 1997
The Economist: Stages of Development. Stranded on the farm?   1997
Anup Shah: Global Issues that Affect Everyone

J. Williamson: What Should the Bank Think about the Washington Consensus?
J. Stiglitz: More Instruments and Broader Goals: Moving Toward the Post-Washington Consensus
NIAS: The Washington Consensus vs. the East Asian Model?
J. Aziz: Policy Complementarities and the Washington Consensus
M. Naim: Fads and Fashion in Economic Reforms: Washington Consensus or Washington Confusion?
B. Martin: New leaf or fig leaf? The Challenge of the New Washington Consensus
BWP: Briefings
Literature on the Global Economy (Yahoo)
International Forum on Globalization
T. J. Lewis: Persuasion, Domination and Exchange: Adam Smith on the Political Consequences of Markets
J. Pinera: A Chilean Model for Russia
M. Rupert: Globalization and the reconstruction of common sense in the U.S.
Oxford Analytica: Capital flows
UNCTAD: Discussion Papers 2000
What did Frederick List actually said?
The debate on the international financial architecture: reforming the reformers
Globalization and the South: some critical issues
Foreign investment in developing countries. Does it crowd in domestic investment?
Copyrights, competition and development. The case of the music industry
JAPAN INSIGHT of the globalized economy. 1996
Speech Delivered by Cuban President Fidel Castro at the World Trade Organization in Geneva 1998
Papers Read on November 14, 1998 at the Autumn Meeting of the American Philosophical Society:
Globalization of the World Economy
Gerard Piel, Moderator: Introduction
James Tobin: Financial Globalization
Robert Kuttner: Can the Global Economy Be a Mixed Economy?
James K. Galbraith: Globalization and Pay

Lance Taylor: Globalization, Liberalization, Distribution, and Growth: Developing and Transition Economies
A. Tausch: Globalization and European Integration
The Copenhagen Consensus Project organised by Denmark's Environmental Assessment Institute with the co-operation of The Economist, aims to consider and to establish priorities among a series of proposals for advancing global welfare. The initiative was described in  Economics Focus of March 6th.
Copenhagen Consensus 2004 (oficial website)
From Mount Holyoke College:
Documents relating to global economy issues
Documents on Globalisation economy issues
International Relations Theory
Vincent Ferraro Site
The Development Group for Alternative Policies -GAP-
Y. Fall: Gender and Social Dimensions of IMF policies in Senegal
Civil Society perspectives on IMF and World Bank Structural Adjustment policies
Conditioning Debt relief and Adjustment creates conditions for more debt
The all too visible hand: a five-country look at the long and destructive reach of the IMF
A. Ferrer: Globalization: fact versus fiction
H. Jaguaribe: MERCOSUR and alternative world orders
A. D. Ouattara: The challenges of globalisation for Africa
I. Wallerstein: The Twentieth Century: Darkness at Noon?
J. B. Foster: Monopoly Capital and the turn of the millenium
A. Einstein: Why socialism?
P. M. Sweezy: The communist manifesto today
H. Magdoff: A note on the communist manifesto
E. Meikisins Wood: The communist manifesto after 150 years
J. Petras: Imperialism and NGOs in Latin America
IMF: Social Dimensions of the IMF's Policy Dialogue
The Millenium Year and the Reform Process: Global Governance
D. C. Korten:Economic Myths
D. H. Meadows:The Global Citizen

Reith Lectures 2000:
About globalisation and sustainable development

On Health and Population
On Poverty and Globalisation
On Governance and Globalisation
On Biodiversity and Globalisation
On Business and Globalisation

Reith Lectures 1999:
Anthony Giddens lectures on a
"Runaway World. How Globalisation is reshaping our lives
Globalization, Risk, Tradition, Family, Democracy, and Politics after Socialism

Bradford De Long's Web Site
Foreign Policy IN FOCUS:
Drug Control
Human Rights
U.S. Agencies
Financial Flows
Food and Farm
Global Governance
World Wide Web Virtual Library: International Affairs Resources
University of Toronto: G8 Information Centre
P.M. Johnson and K. Mayrand: Beyond trade: Broadening the Globalisation Governance Agenda
J. Kirton: The G7 and China in the management of the International Financial System
M. C. Webb: The Group of Seven and Political Management of the Global Economy
UNCTAD X:Beyond the Unification of the Markets
Trade, external financing and economic growth in developing countries. 1999
The largest transnational corporations and corporate strategies. 1999
World Summit for Social Development
Global Public Goods: International Cooperation
in the 21st Century

UNDP: ODS Discusion Paper Series
UNDP: Publications
World Bank 2000: Rethinking Development. Challenges and Opportunities. Globalization with a human face
Globalization, Growth, and Poverty. Building an inclusive world economy The World Bank, 2002
The World Bank: Assessing Globalization
World Bank: Exchange Rate Misalignment: concepts and measurement for developing countries
World Bank predicts lowest growth rates for developing countries since eighties' debt crisis. Outlook to improve by 2000
World Bank: record year for private capital flows is hurt by East Asian downturn. Development aid to poor countries keeps falling (1998)
World Bank: The East Asian financial crisis
World Bank: Commodity markets and the developing countries. 1997
World Bank: World development report 1999 (press release)
World Bank: World development report 1999
World Bank: Global Economic Prospects 1998/99. A Summary
World Bank: Global Economic Prospects and the Developing Countries 1998-1999 (Press briefing)
High Frequency Debt Data (BIS, IMF, OECD, World Bank)
High Frequency Debt On-line Database (OECD)

Economic Forum 2001: Governing global finance: the role of civil society
Global Investing News
House Committee on Banking and Financial Services (U.S.A.)
Institute for International Economics
International Investment Promotion Network (IPAnet)
World Economic Outlook and International Capital Markets.IMF.
World Economic Forum
Washington Post: International Markets and Indices
New York Times: World Financial Crisis
U.S. Department of Commerce: Big Emerging Markets Information Resource
Brookings Institution: Reforming the Global Financial Systems

Cold War International History Project
Cold War International History Project Document Library:
*Announcements *Archives *Arms Race
*Bibliographic Abstracts and Sources *Culture and Economics
*Book Review and Issue Discussions *Intelligency
*Cold War Crises *Cold War Leaders *Cold War Origins(1917-47)
*End of the Cold War (85-89/91)
*Stalin Era (1945-53) *Khruschev Era (1953-64)
*Reagan Era (1980-88)
*Rise and Fall of Detente (1962-80)
Penn World Tables 5.6
UNCTAD 1998: International Financial Instability and the East Asian Crisis
UNCTAD 1998: The Management and Prevention of Financial Crises
M. Borrus: Left for Dead: Asian Production Networks and the revival of US Electronics
M. Borrus: Foreign Participation in US-Funded R&D: The EUV Project as a New Model for a New Reality
F. Bar: Information and Communications Technologies for Economic Development
D. Ernst: From Partial to Systemic Globalization: International Production Networks in the Electronics Industry
Social Crisis in Asia (World Bank)
K. Watkins: Globalization and Liberalization: Implications for Poverty, Distribution and Inequality, 1997
W. Bello: Speculation, Foreign Capital Dependence and the Collapse of the Southeast Asian Economies
J. Sachs: Globalization and Employment
U.N.: Globalization and Liberalization (Report, June 1996)
U.N.: Report of the Secretary General -1998
U.N.: Global Change and Sustainable Development Critical Trends. 1997
UNCTAD: World Investment Report 1998: Trends and Determinants (press)
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 Staying Alive
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'Globalisation of the economy is a new kind of corporate colonialism visited upon poor countries and the poor in rich countries.'
Vandana Shiva
' international capitalist class is emerging whose interests lie in the world economy as a whole system of international private property which allows free movement of capital between countries...'
Stephen Hymer
We stand for peace and justice
..." I stand for a world whose political, economic, and social institutions foster solidarity, promote equity..."
Project for the First People's Century
"..."we... believe that the huge majority of the world's people are by now bitterly opposed to neo-con policies, which make..."

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Puro Chile la memoria del pueblo
Proyecto para el Primer Siglo Popular

La Danza Macabra de la Globalización:
Red para la Justicia de la Tasación
La Red para la Justicia de Tasación global se ha desarollado a partir de los encuentros en el Foro Social Europeo en Florencia, en fines del 2002 y en el Foro Social Mundial en Porto Alegre, comienzos del 2003. Es una reacción a las tendéncias perniciosas del sistema global de tributación, que amenazan la capacidad de los Estados de imponer impuestos a los ricos beneficiados de la globalización. Esas tendéncias traen implicaciones perturbantes al desarollo, a la democracia, a los servicios públicos, causando pobreza, como será explicado más adelante en la Declaración de la Red.
Informe de proyección del National Intelligence Council de Estados Unidos
2020: todo podría ser peor
Para el año 2020, el rostro de la globalización será asiático. Estados Unidos y Europa tendrán que acomodar a dos nuevos jugadores -China e India- en el mapa geopolítico. La debilidad de los gobiernos, el estancamiento de algunas economías, el extremismo religioso y una gran población joven se conjugarán para crear condiciones propicias para conflictos en algunas regiones. Y la brecha entre países ricos y pobres aumentará.
Por Pascale Bonnefoy - Nacion Domingo - 27 marzo 2005
C. Fazio: La Solidaridad en los tiempos del neoliberalismo
Globalizacion Revista Mensual, Mexico
Globalización América Latina
A. Quijano: Colonialidad del poder, globalización y democracia
Algunos comentarios sobre las comparaciones de pobreza entre países
Andrea Vigorito/2003
Del contrato social a los contratos privados: La privatización de la salud, la educación y la infraestructura básica - Análisis de los informes nacionales de Social Watch 2003
Tim Kessler/ Citizens’ Network on Essential Services (CNES) /2003
Globalización y comercio: desafíos para el mundo árabe
Ziad Abdel Samad/ Arab NGO Network for Development /2003
La comercialización de la reproducción social en la nueva economía dirigida por los servicios
Marina Fe B. Durano/ Development Alternatives with Women for a New Era (DAWN)/2003
La forja de una Asociación Mundial para el Desarrollo: Algunos problemas críticos
Martin Khor/2003
La privatización de los derechos humanos: el impacto de la globalización en el acceso a la vivienda, el agua y el saneamiento
Miloon Kothari/2003
Los servicios públicos en peligro: El GATS y la agenda privatizadora
Citizens’ Network on Essential Services/2003
¿Europa para las empresas privadas o Europa para sus habitantes? La Unión Europea y el GATS
Mirjam van Reisen/ EUROSTEP /2003
Informes Control Ciudadano:
2004: Miedos y miserias. Obstáculos a la seguridad humana
2003: Los pobres y el mercado
2002: El impacto social de la globalización en el mundo
2001: La distribución de la riqueza
2000: Políticas nacionales contra la pobreza
1999: La globalización no está beneficiando a quienes más la necesitan
1998: La equidad
1997: La pobreza
1996: La pobreza
Otras publicaciones
Oficina Internacional del Trabajo (2004)
Comisión Mundial sobre la Dimensión Social de la Globalización
Por una globalización justa crear oportunidades para todos
¿Tiene sentido en el alba del siglo XXI pensar y actuar remitiéndose a un pensamiento que surgió en la sociedad capitalista de mediados del siglo XIX?
Discurso de Investidura pronunciado por el filósofo y escritor mexicano Adolfo Sánchez Vásquez, al recibir el Doctorado Honoris Causa en la Universidad de La Habana, el   16 de septiembre de 2004

La Danza Macabra de la Globalización:
La Macabra Barrick de Bush
Por Javier Rodríguez Pardo *
La corporación minera canadiense Barrick Gold, no es un santuario de capital sudado, ni goza de una imagen ejemplar en el mercado mundial. Nace por gestiones inescrupulosas del narcotraficante Peter Munk, antes asociado al magnate Adnan Khashoggi, traficante de armas de origen árabe Saudita.
El IIRSA y la Región Centro
Por A.Reali, R.Gallardo, A.Blejer, A.Borro *
La Región Centro se inscribe en un plan más basto de integración continental, diagramado e impulsado por los EEUU, sus multinacionales y sus organismos de créditos. ALCA, NAFTA y demás TLC, tienen como fin el facilitar el libre comercio continental y asegurar las inversiones y los beneficios de las transnacionales.
La Enfermedad del Momento:Trataditis Aguditis
En conjunto, los contenidos de los TLC fijan condiciones de subordinación económica y política aún más drásticas que las que conocemos hasta el momento. Es una ofensiva que tiene como objetivo redefinir el mundo y las relaciones sociales en función de la maximización de las ganancias de los grandes capitales estadounidenses.
Ecología y Costes de Producción Capitalistas
Por Immanuel Wallerstein *
Los gobiernos han permitido que las empresas no asuman muchos de sus costes, renunciando a requerirles que lo hagan. En parte, poniendo infraestructuras a su disposición y, posiblemente en mayor parte, no insistiendo en que una operación productiva debe incluir el coste de restaurar el medio ambiente para que éste sea "preservado".
El TLC como marco regulatorio
Por Adolfo José Acevedo Vogl *
Contrariamente a la noción más difundida, el TLC con EEUU comprende, como aspectos fundamentales, una serie de campos, extremadamente comprensivos por sus ramificaciones e implicaciones, que van mucho más allá de las meras regulaciones relativas al intercambio comercial de bienes a través de las fronteras de los países.
El Cafta y el Acceso a Medicamentos Esenciales
Por Adolfo José Acevedo Vogl *
La oferta de genéricos representa una competencia para los medicamentos bajo patente, que ayuda a reducir drásticamente los precios de los medicamentos, y a facilitar su acceso para la población de menores ingresos.
No a las Patentes a la Vida
Por Lucia Gallardo *
La propiedad intelectual opera a través de un conjunto de dispositivos económicos, politicos y sociales: (OMC, empresas transnacionales, Gobiernos del Norte, relaciones de poder, mercantilización de la vida), que han limitado el acceso y el libre uso del conocimiento, favoreciendo la consolidación de importantes poderes coorporativos.
Democracia, Globalización y Desarrollo Sostenible
Por Leswin Domínguez *
En la actualidad se habla de participación ciudadana, del poder del pueblo, de que quien manda, manda obedeciendo, de la participación de las bases, en la toma de decisiones, en síntesis se habla de democracia.
Chiapas: Entre TLCAN y Migración.
Por Carlo Calabró *
"Sólo desde cuando la historia se ha convertido en historia mundial se han condenado pueblos enteros, declarándolos como superfluos... Las sentencias se proclaman en voz alta y se ponen sistemáticamente en práctica, de modo que ninguno quede con la duda de cual sea el destino que le está reservado: Éxodo o Migración, Exilio o Genocidio" La Gran Migración. Hans Enzensberger.
Otro Privilegio?
Por Anibal E. Perez *
Se esta discutiendo cuánto y cómo deben pagar regalías los productores agropecuarios por la compra de semilla para la implantación de un cultivo o por la siembra con semilla "hija" del original adquirido la campaña anterior.
El dedo en la llaga - Profesías del Desastre
Por Hernán Pérez Zapata
Con el ALCA-TLC, se vienen los mas graves desastres históricos sobre la nación, el trabajo, la producción y la seguridad alimentaria autoabastecida de nuestro país.
Petromilitarización del Continente y de la América de en medio
Por Gustavo Castro Soto *
El proyecto económico hegemónico del gobierno de los Estados Unidos (EU) sobre el Continente Americano, sólo será posible si es garantizado bajo un proyecto militar que le dé sustento y viabilidad ante el disenso social cada vez más generalizado y el de algunos gobiernos de América Latina.
La Estrategia Energética Bush-Cheney: Procurarse el Petróleo del Mundo
Por Michael T. Klare *
Un brazo de esa estrategia es asegurarse más petróleo del resto del mundo; el otro es refinar la capacidad de intervenir. Uno surge de preocupaciones energéticas y el otro de aspectos de seguridad, ambos apuntan a la dominación estadounidense en el siglo XXI
Graves denuncias de Campesinos de Ykua Pora, Itakyry, Paraguay
Por Ykua Pora, Itakyry, Alto Paraná, Paraguay *
Teniendo conocimiento de la formación de una Comisión Especial del Congreso para la investigación de la invasión, copamiento de tierras, y abusos en el manejo de los recursos naturales del país por parte de inmigrantes extranjeros venimos a través de este documento a presentar formal denuncia sobre una serie de hechos que queremos sean investigados por esa comisión especial.
El Terrorismo y el Imperialistmo: Dos Caras de la Misma moneda
Por Dr. Oscar Natalichio *
El procedimiento elegido para deshacernos de la basura ha sido la disposición de las mismas en zonas bajas, inundables, mediante la creación de los rellenos sanitarios.
El espejismo de las maquilas. La verdad sobre la panacea de las maquilas
Por Raúl Fernández, PhD *
La maquila o maquiladora es sinónimo del actual proceso de ‘globalización’, es decir, de la nueva y masiva colonización del planeta por Estados Unidos, país que proclama y condena la soberanía nacional como un concepto obsoleto. La utilización de las maquilas, método con más de tres décadas de aplicación, no promueve el desarrollo nacional, regional o de las ciudades receptoras de tales empresas.
Trans-Textil Internacional, S.A. de C.V.,La Maquiladora de San Cristobal de las Casas
Por Miguel Pickard *
Ante el desempleo que están dejando 20 años de políticas neoliberales, provocando, entre otros desbarajustes, intensa y creciente migración campesina, los gobiernos a todos los niveles están urgidos de crear fuentes de empleo, y han cifrado esperanza en las maquiladoras.
ALCA: Profundización de la apertura y anexión a EE.UU.
Por Enrique Daza Gamba *
Este año se ha entrado a una etapa crucial donde se tomarán decisiones definitivas, ya que los países integrantes entregaron el 15 de enero de 2003 sus propuestas de liberalización de mercados en cinco áreas fundamentales, a saber: bienes industriales, agricultura, servicios, compras gubernamentales e inversiones extranjeras directas.
La guerra contra el Campo Mexicano
Por Víctor M. Quintana *
Estamos en tiempos de guerra. No en vano Bush le llama a su nueva ley agrícola “Ley de Seguridad para las Granjas....” No en vano declara al promulgarla :“Un país es fuerte cuando produce sus propios alimentos”. Hasta ahora los diferentes gobiernos que ha tenido México desde 1982 han traicionado a la patria entregando el arma alimentaria al extranjero. Ahora los campesinos hacen un llamado a defenderla.
Prestige: El Lado oscuro de la Globalización
La causas últimas de la catástrofe del Prestige son un claro ejemplo de la debilidad de los Estados y de las instituciones internacionales a la hora de aplicar y desarrollar las legislaciones estatales y el Derecho Internacional, frente a la voluntad desreguladora de las políticas neoliberales y de los consorcios transnacionales.
Informe Ecología Social. Lo argentino y el medio ambiente: políticas a desarrollar
Por Gladys Leiva *
El mundo industrializado es responsable en gran medida de los males ambientales que aquejan a la Tierra. A la revolución industrial le debemos el deterioro de los complejos ecosistemas que sostienen la vida. Los países menos desarrollados, no sólo perjudican su propio entorno, sino todo el orbe, al utilizar procesos sucios. La humanidad se ha hecho dueña de su propia autodestrucción.
Argentina, un país que intenta sacudirse el temor de encima
Por Naomi Klein *
En la esquina de Avenida de Mayo y Chacabuco, donde la fachada de cristal del HSBC ahora está encerrada en acero reforzado, tan impenetrable como los lentes de sol polarizados de los agentes de policía que hacen guardia afuera, el pasado y el presente de Argentina chocan uno contra el otro.
El control de los Medios de Comunicación
Por Noam Chomsky *
El papel de los medios de comunicación en la política contemporánea nos obliga a preguntar por el tipo de mundo y de sociedad en los que queremos vivir, y qué modelo de democracia queremos para esta sociedad.
Privatización y saqueo del agua dulce de Mesoamérica
Por Gian Carlo Delgado Ramos *
El PPP (Plan Puebla Panamá) ha lanzado un proyecto aparentemente secundario, que bajo la cubierta de ser una iniciativa de "prevención y mitigación de desastres", pretende instalar una "estructura informativa hidrometeorológica para la competitividad
Sinaltradihitexco, CUT Antioquia y Cedetrabajo, en defensa de la producción nacional
Transcribimos la declaración de Sinaltradihitexco, CUT Antioquia y Cedetrabajo, convocando a la unidad en defensa de la producción nacional. Conformar el más Amplio Frente Común por la Defensa de la Producción Textil y el Trabajo. Convocatoria de los Trabajadores de Enka de Colombia.
Chiapas en Resistencia Eléctrica y Contra el Plan Puebla-Panamá
Por Gustavo Castro Soto *
Próximas movilizaciones se registraran en las siguientes semanas contra la privatización de la energía eléctrica, el PPP y las represas que amenazan como fantasmas un paisaje de mas desplazados en las regiones selva, fronteriza y norte, aunque la jerarquía eclesiástica no esté de acuerdo y se oponga a que el pueblo se exprese libremente.
Progreso, Desarrollo y Colesterol
Por Beatriz Arana Ortiz *
Unos hombres muy serios y antipáticos vestidos de negro vendrán a Iruñea a privatizarnos la energía. ¡qué cara! Cada vez que privatizan algo se llevan ellos los beneficios económicos y en el proceso a nosotras nos privan de lo más importante. Y parece que no van a parar hasta que nos priven de todo.
Lo que significa la SOJA en Argentina
Por Pablo Sabatino y Diego Domínguez *
En la sociedad argentina de fin de siglo se ha revelado con singular crudeza y dramatismo el hambre, algo tan simple y tan desesperante, como la falta de alimento.
El Pueblo de Atenco y el Neoliberalismo. Las Lecciones de una Lucha
Por Cuauhtémoc Amezcua Dromundo *
El pueblo de San Salvador Atenco no sólo venció a dos gobiernos, uno estatal y otro federal. Venció al neoliberalismo. No es una victoria definitiva, es cierto. Aun así, el hecho es importante. Vale la pena analizarlo. Porque de él se derivan lecciones válidas.
El Debate sobre el Comercio "Justo": Tácticas y Estrategias del Movimiento frente a la Globalización Corporativa
Por Miguel Pickard *
La globalización corporativa sigue su marcha con prisa y sin pausa. Acontecimientos recientes en el ámbito de la globalización han provocado que activistas y organizaciones del movimiento ciudadano frente a la economía global replanteen sus posiciones.
Manipuladores Del Presente. Cuatro pasos para destruir economías y apoderarse de los recursos naturales que por milenios fueron del pueblo
Por Gonzalo Palomino Ortiz *
La nueva conceptualización del termino "globalización” ya no hace referencia a procesos económicos, ni al rol de las grandes corporaciones multinacionales, sino mas bien trabaja con la noción de soberanía política de los Estados Nacionales y da un nuevo tratamiento al concepto de sociedad
Comentarios al Documento "The World Bank Rural Development Strategy: Reaching The Rural Poor"
Por Elizabeth Bravo *
La estrategia de desarrollo rural, es en realidad una estrategia de privatización corporativa del sector rural de los países pobres, pues se parte de la premisa que lo que necesitan los pobres son mayores ingresos, lo que sería posible gracias a la inversión privada corporativa.
Biodiversidad y Memoria
Por el Compitch *
Escrito desde una orillita del Valle de Jovel-San Cristóbal de Las Casas, al pie de montañas de Ocote y Encino, horizonte verde pino de Pronatura-Coca Cola y del gris de la pobreza hacinada de indígenas precaristas, desplazados, contenidos por un puesto de observación policíaca.
Cuando las economías desarrolladas se enfrían, los pobres estornudan
Por Marta Arias Robles *
Según ha reconocido el propio Director Ejecutivo del FMI, Horst Köhler, la globalización ha incrementado significativamente la sensibilidad de unas economías respecto de las otras y ha reducido el tiempo de contagio.
PETRÓLEO: ¿Talón de Aquiles de la Globalización?
Por Aurelio Suárez Montoya *
La situación petrolera es vista por el mundo entero como motor adicional para la operación ?Justicia Infinita?. El control directo sobre las fuentes se vuelve asunto vital para Estados Unidos; en mayo, el Presidente Bush definió la situación energética norteamericana como ?la peor crisis de suministro de energía desde la década de 1970?.
La Sociedad Civil y la Banca Multilateral: después de una década de dialogo ¿qué sigue?
Por Miguel Pickard *
La banca multilateral ha estado rigiendo el destino económico del planeta, en mayor o menor grado, desde la conclusión de la 2ª Guerra Mundial. Los dos bancos lideres son el BM y el FMI, ambos en esencia controlados por el gobierno de Estados Unidos.
La Sociedad Civil y la Banca Multilateral: después de una década de dialogo ¿qué sigue?
Por Miguel Pickard *
La banca multilateral ha estado rigiendo el destino económico del planeta, en mayor o menor grado, desde la conclusión de la 2ª Guerra Mundial. Los dos bancos lideres son el BM y el FMI, ambos en esencia controlados por el gobierno de Estados Unidos.
De los agro-negocios sin agricultores a una nueva cultura agraria: huecos en el debate sobre transgénicos
Por Grupo de Reflexión Rural *
Durante una década, luego de haber sido el país por mucho tiempo una potencia en producción de alimentos de alta calidad, se transformó rápidamente en un país exportador de aceites e insumos para forraje. Esta transformación tal vez pueda contabilizarse como "crecimiento", pero es un crecimiento puramente estadístico que oculta múltiples facetas y consecuencias que no aparecen claramente en la superficie.
Globalización del Terror y Guerra
Por John Saxe-Fernández *
El gobierno de Bush, fuertemente influido por los intereses cortoplacistas de la poderosa industria del gas y del petróleo de EUA en el Caspio, está enajenando a generaciones enteras de Mahometanos, cosechando enemistades y represalias, en una escala colosal.
Porto Alegre: Un paso adelante del movimiento real
Por Josep Maria Antentas *
Al regreso de Porto Alegre nos hemos encontrado a muchos colegas del movimiento, muy escépticos y distantes del Foro Social Mundial, considerando que era ya, o estaba condenado a ser, una plataforma cooptada por la socialdemocracia.
¿La Fundación de una Nueva República Argentina ?
Por Ricardo D. Natalichio *
Existen momentos en la vida de una Nación que con el paso de los años reciben el honorable nombramiento de -Históricos- y es en este preciso momento, en las Asambleas Vecinales y otras Reuniones Populares de todo tipo a lo largo del País, se está decidiendo si estamos ante uno de ellos.
Deudas Mundiales, ¿Quién debe a quién?
Por Julio Alexander Parra Maldonado *
Con motivo de la recientes Reuniones del Banco Mundial, del FMI, de la OMLC, del G7 o el G8, se ha discutido el impacto y las consecuencias de la Deuda Externa de los países del sur en la economía global
Los atentados y la agresión del poder global
Por Julio C. Gambina *
El procedimiento elegido para deshacernos de la basura ha sido la disposición de las mismas en zonas bajas, inundables, mediante la creación de los rellenos sanitarios
Globalización y terrorismo
Por Federación Nacional Sindical Agropecuaria *
El Mundo del Mañana
Por Dr. Edgardo Condeza Vaccaro *
El inicio de la unión e integración de los países en paz, será probablemente considerado en el futuro como el hecho mas importante y positivo del siglo XX. A través de la historia, la anexión de países, la formación de Imperios, la existencia de colonias, se habían realizado en el marco de conflictos bélicos, poderosos invadiendo o sometiendo a los más débiles, sufrimientos y guerras.
Resistencia internacional a la globalización neoliberal
El último cuarto del siglo XX se caracterizó por una importante ofensiva del capital que resultó en variaciones regresivas de las relaciones sociales capitalistas, en el marco de un clima de época que había generalizado la ausencia de alternativas globales en el imaginario popular
La Globalización de la Miseria Humana
Por Max Henriquez Daza *
Es indudable. El mundo atraviesa por unas situaciones sociales y económicas coyunturales que van clarificandose cada vez más y que nos conducirán en la próxima década por caminos tortuosos y dificiles
Por Oscar Natalichio *
¿Cuándo comienza y por qué? Las diferentes Asociaciones. ¿Puede convivir con el Mercosur? 10 razones para decirle no al ALCA y...una más.

Creemos en la paz y en la justica
..."Creo en un mundo cuyas instituciones políticas, económicas y sociales fomenten la solidaridad,  promuevan la equidad, maximicen la participación, disfruten de ...”...
Lea texto completo
Proyecto para el Primer Siglo Popular
"...creemos que la abrumadora mayoría de la población mundial se opone fieramente a las politicas neoconservadoras,   las cuales son una negación de los principios básicos de libertad y democracia ...".
Lea texto completo

Puro Chile la mémoire du peuple
Projet pour le Premier Siècle Populaire

Christian Pose - 2005
Le monde clos de la globalisation, le développement économique autoritaire et l'avantage humain de la révolution sociale. [1]
Le monde clos de la globalisation, le développement économique autoritaire et l'avantage humain de la révolution sociale. [2]
« L'Inde rétive au libéralisme total », par Christophe Jaffrelot (janvier 2004).
« Une obsession nommée Bombay », par Mila Khalon (janvier 2004).
« Forces et faiblesses de l'altermondialisation », par François Houtart (novembre 2003).
« Pour un fonds mondial coopératif de l'eau », par Riccardo Petrella (novembre 2003).

Le Monde Diplomatique: Forum Social Mondial. Le tournant de Porto Alegre
Le Monde Diplomatique: On mondialisation:
OMC, l'attentat contre la démocratie
    dossier du 8 octobre 1999
Les risques de contagion
    dossier du 13 janvier 1998
Constat de carence
    dossier du 17 juin 1997
La mondialisation est-elle inévitable ?
    dossier du 7 mai 1997
Une crise sociale sans précédent
    dossier du 15 janvier 1997
OMC, l'attentat contre la démocratie
    dossier du 10 décembre 1996
Viva Brasil !
        par Ignacio Ramonet. - janvier 2003
La violence de la mondialisation
        par Jean Baudrillard. - novembre 2002
A La Poste aussi, les agents doivent penser en termes de marché
        par Gilles Balbastre. - octobre 2002
Portrait de groupe à la Banque mondiale
        par Jean Ziegler. - octobre 2002
Mondialisation et guerre
       septembre 2002
Cinéma à l'américaine
        par Sylvestre Meininger. - septembre 2002
A crise du marché, remèdes de marché...
        par Serge Halimi. - septembre 2002
L'oppression du développement
        par Aminata D. Traoré. - septembre 2002
Regards africains sur la « première guerre du siècle »
        par Jean-Marc Ela. - septembre 2002
Faiseurs de krach boursier
        par Ibrahim Warde. - août 2002
Vers une offensive américaine sur les OGM
        par Susan George. - mai 2002
L'axe du Mal
        par Ignacio Ramonet. - mars 2002
De la justice à la démocratie, en passant par les cloches
        par José Saramago. - mars 2002
Pour un savoir engagé
        par Pierre Bourdieu. - février 2002
Quand la droite américaine pensait l'impensable
        par Serge Halimi. - janvier 2002
A Porto Alegre, pour une mondialisation différente
        par Gilles Luneau. - janvier 2002
Trois forums
       janvier 2002
Manœuvres autour des télécoms africaines
        par Annie Chéneau-Loquay. - janvier 2002
Globalisation à marche forcée
        par Bernard Cassen et Frédéric F. Clairmont. - décembre 2001
L'OMC enrôlée dans la coalition
        par Bernard Cassen. - novembre 2001
La culture, facteur de la Realpolitik
        par Constantin Von Barloewen. - novembre 2001
L'Italie saisie par la tentation autoritaire
        par Salvatore Palidda. - octobre 2001
L'homme en voie de disparition ?
        par Jean-Claude Guillebaud. - août 2001
L'ordre libéral et ses basses oeuvres
        par Susan George. - août 2001
Criminaliser la contestation
        par Riccardo Petrella. - août 2001
La globalisation va-t-elle unifier le monde ?
        par Denis Duclos. - août 2001
De l'Alaska à la Terre de feu, le tout-commerce à l'oeuvre
        par Dorval Brunelle. - avril 2001
Que les peuples se prononcent
        par Emir Sader. - avril 2001
Eternelle récupération de la contestation
        par Serge Halimi. - avril 2001
La Havane, Porto Alegre et Davos
        par Frédéric F. Clairmont. - mars 2001
Porto Alegre
        par Ignacio Ramonet. - janvier 2001
Irréversible, la mondialisation ?
        par Bernard Cassen. - janvier 2001
« Business », pétrole et droits humains
        par Roland-Pierre Paringaux. - décembre 2000
Mais pourquoi émigrent-ils ?
        par Saskia Sassen. - novembre 2000
Un gendarme ambigu
        par Claude Julien. - octobre 1990
La mondialisation capitaliste contre l'emploi
Pour l'instauration de règles du jeu équitables

Université de Liège: Les Dossiers de CAPRI
Le Monde Diplomatique
L'accord multilatéral sur l'investissement

Réseau Mondial pour la Justice Fiscale
Le Réseau mondial pour la justice fiscale s’est constitué dans la continuité des réunions du Forum social européen de Florence, à la fin de 2002, et du Forum social mondial de Porto Alegre, au début de 2003, en réponse aux courants nocifs de la taxation mondialisée qui menacent la capacité des Etats à imposer les riches bénéficiaires de la mondialisation. Ces courants ont des incidences inquiétantes sur le développement, la démocratie, les services publics et la pauvreté, ainsi qu’il est expliqué plus en détail dans la Déclaration du Réseau.
Organisation Internationale du Travail (2004)
Commission mondiale sur la dimension sociale de la mondialisation
Une mondialisation juste. Créer des opportunités pour tous

Je suis pour la paix et la justice
"Je suis pour un monde dont les institutions politiques, économiques et sociales nourrissent la solidarité, promeuvent l'équité, maximisent la participation, célèbrent la diversité et encouragent la démocratie totale. Je suis pour la paix et la justice et, mieux, je m'engage à travailler pour la paix et la justice.”
tout le texte ici
Projet pour le Premier Siècle Populaire
"Nous ... pensons que la vaste majorité de la population mondiale est maintenant sévèrement opposée aux politiques néo-conservatrices, qui se moquent totalement des principes fondamentaux que sont la liberté et la démocratie. Nous proposons donc un cadre d’action pour l’établissement d’une véritable liberté et d’une véritable démocratie..."...
lire la declaration ici