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Shy self-criticism by the IMF

In this study just published by the IMF the authors state that globalisation may actually increase the risk of financial crisis in the developing world and, more importantly, there is no empirical evidence that globalisation has a  significative positive effect on growth.

"Indeed, the process of capital account liberalization appears to have been accompanied in some cases by increased vulnerability to crises," the study said. "Globalization has heightened these risks since cross-country financial linkages amplify the effects of various shocks and transmit them more quickly across national borders." Of course, since the 1990s,  several developing countries, among them Indonesia, Thailand, Russia, and Argentina, have seen their economies collapse, mainly because  many of them were trying to follow IMF-prescribed market-friendly   policies.

It seems to me that this paper must be carefully read by those who are trying to oppose globalisation and create a better world. This self-criticism by the IMF shows what many of us already knew: ..."capitalist development"..."in the periphery as well as in the center, produces as it evolves, in a cyclical way, wealth and poverty, accumulation and shortage of capital, employment for some and unemployment for others"..."so"..."a more egalitarian or more just society" cannot be "a consequence expected from capitalism development" (Cardoso and Faletto, "Dependencia  y Desarrollo en América Latina", Siglo XXI, 1969), and less so from "dependent capitalism development" which is the specific case in the periphery.

Róbinson Rojas, March 2003

Global Trade Liberalization and the Developing Countries - Issues Brief

Globalization: A Framework for IMF Involvement - Issues Brief

World Economic and Financial Surveys Series

Research at the IMF
Effects of Financial Globalization on Developing Countries: Some Empirical Evidence

Eswar Prasad, Kenneth Rogoff, Shang-Jin Wei and M. Ayhan Kose

March 17, 2003

Use the free Adobe Acrobat Reader to view the full text of 590kb pdf file.


I. Overview
A. Definitions and Basic Stylized Facts
B. Does Financial Globalization Promote Growth in Developing Countries?
C. What Is the Impact of Financial Globalization on Macroeconomic Volatility?
D. The Role of Institutions and Governance on the Effects of Globalization
E. Summary
II. Basic Stylized Facts
A. Measuring Financial Integration
B. North-South Capital Flows
C. Factors Underlying the Rise in North-South Capital Flows
III. Financial Integration and Economic Growth


Potential Benefits of Financial Globalization in Theory


Empirical Evidence


IV. Financial Globalization and Macroeconomic Volatility


Macroeconomic Volatility
B. Crises as Special Cases of Volatility
C. Has Financial Globalization Intensified the Transmission of Volatility?
D. Some Factors That Increase Vulnerability to the Risks of Globalization
V. Absorptive Capacity and Governance in the Benefits/Risks of Globalization
A. Threshold Effects and Absorptive Capacity
B. Governance As an Important Element of Absorptive Capacity
C. Domestic Governance and the Volatility of International Capital Flows
D. Summary
Text Tables
1. Volatility of Different types of Capital Inflows
2. Fastest and Slowest Growing Economies During 1980-2000 and Their Status of Financial Openness
3. Summary of Recent Research on Financial Integration and Economic Growth
4. Volatility of Annual Growth Rates of Selected Variables
5. Summary of Studies on Welfare Gains from International Risk Sharing
6. Are Small States Different? Some Summary Statistics
1. Measures of Financial Integration
2. Gross Capital Flows
3. Net Capital Flows
4. Foreign Ownership Restrictions
5. Channels Through Which Financial Integration Can Raise Economic Growth
6. Increase in Financial Openness and Growth of Real Per Capital GDP
7. Increase in Financial Openness and Growth of Real Per Capita GDP: Conditional Relationship, 1982-97
8. Differential Effects of Financial and Trade Integration on Improvements in Health
9. Volatility of Income and Consumption Growth
10. Corruption and Foreign Direct Investment
11. Difference Between Actual Internationa Mutual Fund Investment and the MSCI Benchmark: Transparent versus Opaque Countries
12. Herding and Opacity
13. Corruption Tilts the Compoition of Capital Flows Towards Borrowing
14. Welfare Gains from International Risk Sharing
1. The Effects of Different Types of Capital Flows on Growth
2. Do Financial and Trade Integration Have Different Effects on Economic Development? Evidence from Life Expectancy and Infant Mortality
3. The Effects of Globalization on Volatility: A Review of the Empirical Evidence
4. Herding and Momentum Trading by International Investors
5. Transparency and International Mutual Funds
I. The First Era of International Financial Integration, 1870–1913
II. Calculating the Potential Welfare Gains from International Risk Sharing
III. Contingent Securities for International Risk Sharing
IV. Small States and Financial Globalization


Data Appendix
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