On Planning for Development:
--Ethics, Development and Economics
--Human Rights---- --Planning for Development
--Aligning Elites with Development
--The New Economic Geography
--Urbanization and Development
--Development in an urban world --World Cities
----Urbanization ----Agglomeration economies
----Informal sector --Employment
----Population --Migration --Remittances
--Economic Policies --Economic inequality
--Globalization --Poverty --Aid --Mobile banking
--Development --Human Development

--State, civil society and markets -- Power Elites
--Developmental State --Neo-liberal State
--Public Administration --Governance
--Decentralization --New Public Management
--Structural Adjustment Programmes
--On Capitalist Economic and Political Terrorism

--Economic Growth --Economic cycles
--Modernization Theory --Neo-liberalism
--Development Economics --The green economy
--The "golden age of capitalism": 1950s-70s
--Economic Structuralism
--Peripheral capitalism
--Dependency Theory
--The Future of Development Economics
--The Need to Rethink Development Economics
--The New Economy in Development ---...more

-World Economic/Social Situation and Prospects
-Global Financial and Economic Crisis 07-09
-Economic Sociology and Political Economy
- Africa --Asia -- Latin America------ China --Chile
--Integrated International Production
--Global Value Chains -- International Trade
--Foreign Direct Investment --The Triad
--Transnational Corporations --Imperialism
--Factor Payments to Abroad --Transfer-pricing
--Net resources transfers from poor to rich ctes.

--Agrarian Policies  -- Food  -- Land Grab
----Urban and Peri-Urban Agriculture
------Rural Development --Food Prices

--Education for Sustainability
--Environmental issues --The green economy
--Sustainable Development --Climate Change

-- Public Action / Social Movements
-- Non-Governmental Organizations

- - Sociodynamics
-- Economic Literacy --Karl Marx --Adam Smith

-- Human Development Reports
-- World Development Indicators
-- World Development Reports
-- World Investment Reports ----- ...more

statistics 1 --statistics 2
Róbinson Rojas Sandford:
----------notes for lectures
----------supplementary digital study packs
----------notes papers---- books---- calculator
----------Basic knowledge on economics
The murder of Allende----------- Popular Unity
Puro Chile. The Memory of the People
Project for the First People's Century
----------Andre Gunder Frank website
Dictionaries - Glossaries - First Aid Kit
TOPICS---------------- SEARCH

The political economy of development
Created and edited by
Dr. Róbinson Rojas Sandford this academic site promotes excellence in teaching and researching economics and sustainable development, and the advancing of describing, understanding, explaining and theorizing for planning for development.

La economía política del desarrollo
Creado y dirigido por
Dr. Róbinson Rojas Sandford , este sitio académico promueve excelencia en la enseñanza y la investigación de la economía y del desarrollo sustentable, y en los procesos de descripción, comprensión, explicación y teorización en la planificación para el desarrollo.

L'économie politique du développement
Créé et éditée  par
Dr. Róbinson Rojas Sandford , ce site scientifique promeut l'excellence dans l'enseignement et la recherche en économie et développement, ainsi que dans le processus de description, comprehension, explication et la théorisation.

Dedication - About us - World Clock
Counter visits from more than 160 countries and 1400 universities (details)
A graphic indictment of the Israeli military terrorism against the Palestinian people unleashed under the protection of United States imperialist power elites. No comments are necessary.


"Wherever there is great property, there is great inequality. For one very rich man there must be at least five hundred poor, and the affluence of the few supposes the indigence of the many".
(Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and the Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Book 5, Ch. 1, Part II p.580)
"Too large a proportion of recent “mathematical” economics are mere concoctions, as imprecise as the initial assumptions they rest on, which allow the author to lose sight of the complexities and interdependencies of the real world in a maze of pretentious and unhelpful symbols."
(John Maynard Keynes.[1936]. General Theory Of Employment , Interest and Money. New Delhi: Atlantic. (P. 272))
..."The decadent international but individualistic capitalism, in the hands of which we found ourselves after the War, is not a success. It is not intelligent, it is not beautiful, it is not just, it is not virtuous - and it doesn't deliver the goods. In short, we dislike it and we are beginning to despise it. But when we wonder what to put in its place, we are extremely perplexed."...
( John Maynard Keynes, 1933, "National Self-Sufficiency" , The Yale Review, VOLUME XXII (1932-1933), Summer 1933), p.755-759.
" Le monde est dangereux à vivre ! Non pas tant à cause de ceux qui font le mal, mais à cause de ceux qui regardent et laissent faire."
"This world is a dangerous place to live in ! Not because of those who do it wrong but because of those who just sit and watch."

(Albert Einstein)
"Déjame decirte, nena, a riesgo de ser ridículo, que un revolucionario está lleno de grandes sentimientos de amor".
(Ernesto Guevara - Che)(1966)
"On ne combat pas pour être libre, mais parce qu'on l'est déjà".
Jean Cavaillès, fondateur du reseau Cahors, fusillé par les Nazis en 1944
"No tengas hambre ni sed. Súbete a mis alas y cantaremos, y bailaremos, y comeremos pescado del rio y beberemos el viento".
(Latin American folksong, XV century)(Before the arrival of the European barbarians)
"El honor de la poesía es salir a la calle...la poesía es una insurrección".
Pablo Neruda (1904-1973)
"When I give food to the poor, they call me a saint. When I ask why the poor have no food, they call me a communist".
(Dom Helder Camera -former archbishop of Olinda, Recife, Brasil)(1984)
"The important thing is not to stop questioning".
(Albert Einstein)(1946)
"Caminante no hay camino, se hace camino al andar...".
(Antonio Machado)(1939)
"Common sense is the collection of prejudices acquired by age eighteen"
Albert Einstein (1947)
"They who dream by day are cognizant of many things which escape those who dream only by night.".
(Edgar A. Poe)(1839)
"Quand un homme rêve seul, c'est un songe. Qu'ils soient plusieurs à rêver, c'est une réalité. " .
(Armand Gatti)("La Parole Errante",1999)
"Ce qui est positif, c'est que vous êtes poète. Il y a bien longtemps que je dis que le poète est souverainement intelligent, qu'il est l'intelligence par excellence, - et que l'imagination est la plus scientifique des facultés, parce que seule elle comprend l'analogie universelle, ou ce qu'une religion mystique appelle la correspondance. "
Charles Baudelaire, "Lettre a A. Toussenel" (1856)
"Great knowledge sees all in one. Small knowledge breaks down into the many"
Chuang-Tzu (4th Century B.C)
A good traveller has no fixed plans
and is not intent upon arriving,
A good artist lets his intuition
lead him wherever it wants.
A good scientist has freed himself of concepts
and keeps his mind open to what is.

Thus the Master is available to all people
and doesn't reject anyone.
He is ready to use all situations
and doesn't waste anything.
This is called embodying the light.

What is a good man but a bad man's teacher?
What is a bad man but a good man's job?
If you don't understand this, you will get lost,
however intelligent you are.
It is the great secret.

Ch'iu Ying (1510-1551)
"I was a butterfly, flying contentedly.
Then I awoke as Chuang Tzu.
Now I don't know who I really am -
a butterfly who dreams he is Chuang Tzu
or Chuang Tzu who dreamed he was a butterfly."

Chuang-Tzu (4th Century B.C)
"Hay hombres que luchan un día
Y son buenos.
Hay otros que luchan un año
Y son mejores.
Hay quienes luchan muchos años
Y son muy buenos.
Pero hay los que luchan toda la vida:
Esos son los imprescindibles. "

Bertold Brecht (1898-1956)
"Communism is for us not a state of affairs which is to be established, an ideal to which reality will have to adjust itself. We call communism the real movement which abolishes the present state of things. The conditions of this movement result from premises now in existence."
"The German Ideology", K.Marx and F.Engels (1845)
"What we are doing to the forests of the world is but a mirror reflection of what we are doing to ourselves and to one another"
Mahatma Gandi
"We have to see individual freedom as a social commitment"
Amartya Sen
RRojas Databank is authorized to reproduce work published by the United Nations Research Institute for Social Development, and Finance and Development (edited by the International Monetary Fund), an official Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library member ,
an official Biz/Ed (University of Bristol, U.K.) member, ...
Academic editor
                    Róbinson Rojas
Sandford                   .contact                
The Róbinson Rojas Archive is an academic organization dedicated to gather, process and analyze information under the direction of  Róbinson Rojas Sandford.  It includes RRojas Research Unit, RRojas Databank, Project for the First People's Century, Andre Gunder Frank Website and Puro Chile. The memory of the people.
This site also contains books, parts of books, papers, parts of papers, notes and lecture notes published and unpublished by Róbinson Rojas Sandford.
Copyright @ 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 - The Róbinson Rojas Archive / RRojas Databank


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Somos un espacio y una voz para la construcción de un nuevo orden comunicacional.
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Planet Under Pressure
A six-part BBC News Online series looking at some of the most pressing environmental issues facing the human race today. By Alex Kirby BBC News Online environment correspondent
Part 1: Species under threat
Part 2: World water crisis
Part 3: Energy crisis
Part 4: Feeding the world
Part 5: Climate change
Part 6: Fighting pollution
Why the Sun seems to be "dimming"
Horizon: Global Dimming

Be an Effective Agent for Change!.........study a post-graduate course in Education for Sustainability

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