|From WIDER working papers 2011
| United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Population issues About Worldwide News State of world population
ICPD & MDG follow up
The work of UNFPA encompasses a wide range of issues (see
menu bar). However, the three main areas of focus — reproductive
health, women's empowerment, and population and development strategies
— are inextricably linked. The ability to make free and informed
childbearing decisions lies at their intersection.
Population & Development
Population and Poverty
In the rural environment, land fragmentation, eroded
slopes and degraded soils are contributing to poverty, hunger and migration.
The unplanned rapid growth of cities, fed partly
by migrants from rural areas, is creating intense pressure on local
ecosystems and has, in some cases, overwhelmed environmental resources.
Millions have settled in slums and shantytowns without adequate shelter
and basic services, including clean water and sanitation.
Migration is a significant contributor to urbanization,
as people move in search of social and economic opportunity.
Environmental degradation and conflict may drive people off the land.
Often people who leave the countryside to find better lives in the city
have no choice but to settle in shantytowns and slums, where they lack
access to decent housing and sanitation, health care and education—in
effect, trading in rural for urban poverty.
Nations Organization - Department of Economic and Social Affairs
- Population Division
| From UNU-WIDER working papers
| From UN-HABITAT CITIES WITHOUT
Sub-Regional Programme for
Eastern and Southern Africa
Situation Analysis of Informal Settlements in
PART I BACKGROUND
Kampala is both the administrative and
capital city of Uganda situated on about 24 low hills
that are surrounded by wetland valleys, characterized
by an imprint of scattered unplanned settlements. This
urban form is attributed to the dualism, which arose
between the local Kibuga and Kampala Township or
Municipality. The former was largely unplanned and
unsanitary while the latter was fully planned and highly
controlled. The emergency of slums in Kampala City
has been gradual and sustained over a long period of
time. It is attributed to the failure of Kampala Structure
Plans to cater for the growth and development of
African neighbours. Other factors that have contributed
to this growth include: the rapid urban population
growth, which has overwhelmed city authorities; land
tenure systems which are complicated and multiple,
together with poverty and low incomes amongst the
PART II PRIORITY ISSUES
PART III SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
PART IV POLICY AND LEGAL ENVIRONMENT
PART V INSTITUTIONAL ACTORS AND WAY
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
State of the World Population 2009
How do population dynamics affect greenhouse gases and climate change?
Will urbanization and an ageing population help or hinder efforts to
adapt to a warming world? And could better reproductive health care and
improved relations between women and men make a difference in the fight
against climate change? Find the answers in the State of World
The whole world has been talking about carbon credits, carbon trading
and emissions targets. But not enough has been said about the people
whose activities contribute to those emissions or about those who will
be most affected by climate change, especially women.
The climate-change debate needs to be reframed, putting people at the
centre. Unless climate policies take people into account, they will
fail to mitigate climate change or to shield vulnerable populations
from the potentially disastrous impacts.
Previous Years' Reports
"State of the World Population 2004",
The Cairo Consensus at Ten: Population, Reproductive Health and The
Global Effort to End Poverty
During the past ten years, migration has increased, both within and
between countries, and the phenomenon has grown in political importance.
Recognizing that orderly migration can have positive consequences on
both sending and receiving countries, the ICPD Programme of Action
(Chapters IX and X) called for a comprehensive approach to managing
migration. It emphasized both the rights and well-being of migrants and
the need for international support to assist affected countries and
promote more interstate cooperation around the issue.
Population of the World. 1950-2050
countries for any year, 1950 to 2050.
population trends, links to historical population estimates, population
clocks, and estimates of population, births, and deaths occurring each
year, day, hour, or second.
Estimates of World Population (-10000-1950
and Development/United Nations
| From the World Bank database
World Bank Discussion Paper No. 415
Facets of Globalization. International and
local dimensions of
S. Yusuf, S. Evenett and J. Wei, editors
The chapters in this volume underscore the transformative role of globalization
and urbanization, and show the interplay between these
Trade reform and liberalized foreign investment regimes have
contributed to the spatial reallocation of economic activity toward
cities, especially those cities that can attract and nurture human
capital and strong connections to other markets.
Global factors have, therefore, reinforced agglomeration economies in
shifting economic clout toward cities, and in so doing they may be
exacerbating regional disparities in incomes.
Alliance Annual Reports