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The political economy of development
This academic site promotes excellence in teaching and researching economics and development, and the advancing of describing, understanding, explaining and theorizing.
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Data 1 Data 2 International Reports
World indicators on the environment World Energy Statistics - Time Series Economic inequality
Background information for planning for development:
economic/business cycles
On business cycles, financial and economic crises and globalisation , notes by Dr. Róbinson Rojas Sandford, 2011

-some readings on  economic/business cycles:

Marx's analysis of capitalism. Excerpt and condensation of Chapter 6 from "The Worldly Philosophers: The Lives, Times, and Ideas of the Great Economic Thinkers", by Robert L. Heilbroner, 7th ed., 1999, available at

Boratav, Korkut, 2009, "A Comparison of Two Cycles in the World Economy: 1989-2007", available at

Fujita, S., 2003, "Creative Destruction and Aggregate Productivity Growth", Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia , 2003 available at

Phillips, K.I. and J. Wrase, 2003, "Is Schumpeterian "Creative Destruction" a Plausible Source of Endogenous Real Business Cycle Shocks?", Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, 2003, available at

Rojas, R., 1997, "The History of Economic Thought [I]", section on Marx’s methodology, available at

Rojas, R., 1985, "The making of a fractured society: the case of Latin America . The socioeconomic system of production, distribution, exchange and consumption". Available at:

16 April 2008
This Time is Different: A Panoramic View of Eight Centuries of Financial Crises
by Carmen M. Reinhart, University of Maryland and NBER, and Kenneth S. Rogoff, Harvard University and NBER


-data for all countries:

From "World Development Indicators 2009", published by the World Bank Group:

Structure of Output: Gross domestic product -  Agriculture - Industry - Manufacturing - Services,  --available at

Agricultural Inputs: Agricultural land - Irrigated land - Land under cereal production - Fertilizer consumption - Agricultural employment - Agricultural machinery, 
--available at

Children at Work: Children in employment - Employment by economic activity - Status in employment,  --available at

Size of the economy: Population - Surface area - Population density - Gross national income - Gross national income per capita - PPP gross national income - Gross domestic product   --available at

The world by region: key indicators for each region,
--available at

On Development Economics
The Future of Development Economics
The New Economy in Development
The Need to Rethink Development Economics
Development Economics
Economic Literacy
Basic knowledge on economics

RRojas Databank is a member of Development Gateway hosted by The World Bank

Education for Sustainability
Postgraduate courses on
Environment and
Development Education at
London South Bank University

- Part time distance learning
- Full time at the University

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- Notes for lectures
- Notes and papers

- Global Value Chains
- Integrated International

- International Division of

- Transnational Corporations
- The Triad ( U.S.A, Japan, E.U.)

- Dependency Theory
- On Planning for Development
- The Developmental State
- The Neo-liberal State
- Development Economics
- The future of development

- Foreign Direct Investment
- Factor Payments to Abroad
- The New Economy in

- International Trade

Back to Global Economic Prospects for Developing Countries

--World Investment Reports
---(the complete series)

--World Investment Reports
---(selected statistics)

-- Planning for Development
UNCTAD areas of work:
Globalization and Development
Development of Africa
Least Developed Countries
Landlocked Developing Countries
Small Island Developing States
International Trade and

Services Infrastructure
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Enterprise Development

The following databases on-line are available:
Commodity Price Statistics
Foreign Direct Investment
Handbook of Statistics
ICT Statistics
Millennium Indicators

Digital Library:
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----- Africa

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-- Monographs on Port
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-- Publications Survey 2006-

World indicators on the environment

World Energy Statistics - Time Series

Economic inequality

Other related themes:
- Aid
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- Decentralization
- Dependency theory
- Development
- Development Economics
- Economic Policies
- Employment/Unemployment
- Foreign Direct Investment
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- Sustainable Development
- Transnational Corporations
- Urbanization

- Complete list of development themes