"The Phase II Report devised a U.S.
national security strategy to deal with the world in 2025. The purpose of the Phase II
Report is to define an American strategy based on U.S. interests and key objectives. It
develops a strategy for America to reap the benefits of a more integrated world to expand
freedom, security, and prosperity and to dampen the forces of instability."Phase 2 (August 2000-April 2000).
NATIONAL STRATEGY: A CONCERT FOR PRESERVING SECURITY AND PROMOTING FREEDOM
Phase 3 (August 2000- February 2001)
"The Phase III Report recommends significant and
comprehensive institutional and procedural changes throughout the Executive and
Legislative Branches in order to meet the challenges of 2025."
FOR NATIONAL SECURITY: IMPERATIVE FOR CHANGE
National Security Index
The U.S. Commission on National Security/21st Century was born more than two years
ago out of a conviction that the entire range of U.S. national security policies and
processes required reexamination in light of new circumstances. Those circumstances encompass
not only the changed geopolitical reality after the Cold War, but also the significant
technological, social, and intellectual changes that are occurring.
Prominent among such changes is the information revolution and the accelerating
discontinuities in a range of scientific and technological areas. Another is the increased
integration of global finance and commerce, commonly called “globalization.” Yet another is the
ascendance of democratic governance and free-market economics to unprecedented levels, and
another still the increasing importance of both multinational and non-governmental actors in
global affairs. The routines of professional life, too, in business, university, and other domains in
advanced countries have been affected by the combination of new technologies and new
management techniques. The internal cultures of organizations have been changing, usually in
ways that make them more efficient and effective.
The creators of this Commission believed that unless the U.S. government adapts itself to
these changes—and to dramatic changes still to come—it will fall out of step with the world of
the 21st century. Nowhere will the risks of doing so be more manifest than in the realm of national
Mindful of the likely scale of change ahead, this Commission’s sponsors urged it to be
bold and comprehensive in its undertaking. That meant thinking out a quarter century, not just to
the next election or to the next federal budget cycle. That meant searching out how government
should work, undeterred by the institutional inertia that today determines how it does work. Not
least, it meant conceiving national security not as narrowly defined, but as it ought to be
defined—to include economics, technology, and education for a new age in which novel
opportunities and challenges coexist uncertainly with familiar ones.
"The Phase I Report is dedicated to
understanding how the world will likely evolve over the next 25 years. It describes
global trends in scientific, technological, economic, socio-political and military
security domains and the interplay of these developments on U.S. national security."
Phase 1 (July 1998-August 1999)
MAJOR THEMES AND IMPLICATIONS
"The Phase I Report on the Emerging Global Security Environment for
the First Quarter of the 21st Century."
SUPPORTING RESEARCH & ANALYSIS
A decade of
deception and defiance
(september 12, 2002)