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Róbinson Rojas
La guardia roja conquista China

Fecha : 2 de Agosto 1968
Editor: Causa ML/Editorial Prensa Latinoamericana
Ciudad: Santiago de Chile
Pais : Chile
Ins. No.: 35096

Ediciones en Uruguay, Argentina, Colombia, Brasil  y Chile
Cubierta                  Contracubierta
Venzano Torres: Presentación 
Prólogo para occidentales        [English]7
Capítulo I   El tiempo de los tigres         13
¿Quién le tiene miedo a la guerra?  25
Pero hay una respuesta  101
El ejército en alpargatas  104
Fusilamiento en el estadio   142
Capítulo II  La guardia roja conquista China   153
Los fundamentos  178
Un ejemplo campesino  183
Un ejemplo urbano  188
Los soviéticos no sirven 197
Tiene usted armas de fuego? 210
Doce meses de guerra 215
Los nuevos hábitos  279
Los dragones de barro 295
Yiapin, la mongola 299
El miedo a ser cuadro  302
Capítulo III  La nueva clase    313
El paraíso  321
La corrupción  330
Un suicidio  338
Los capitalistas 339
Los comunistas   343
La catástrofe 345
Capítulo IV  Las prostitutas de Shanghai 371
El Gran Mundo 383
Capítulo V  ¿Cómo piensa Pekin?    387
Apéndice 1
"Resolución sobre algunos problemas concernientes a las Comunas Populares"
Apéndice 2
"Decisión del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de China sobre la Gran Revolución Cultural Proletaria" (16 puntos)          [english]
Apéndice 3
"Los tres artículos mas leídos"
Sumaria Cronología 449
Texto completo en un solo archivo PDF ( 26.600 kb )

Excerpts from
Prologo para Occidentales, in Róbinson Rojas, "La Guardia
Roja Conquista China",
( Argentinian edition ) (1968):

This book is the outcome of my research in China from 1965 to 1967, when I was based in Beijing... I had the opportunity to visit 16 out of the 22 provinces plus Inner Mongolia... I had lenghty conversations with scores of Chinese citizens and with many members of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party...My research was focused on the "cultural revolution" which was started by a political uprising led by students and urban workers in june 1966...

...This book analyses the meaning of the cultural revolution, which can be summarized as follows:

1) Politically, it is an attempt to get rid of that section in the Chinese society which form a new bureaucratic class, a new ruling class, whose core is constituted mainly by the high and medium rank membership of the Chinese Communist Party and the so-called "intelligentsia". The political target of the cultural revolution are the Chinese counterpart of the new ruling class dominating already societies like the ones in Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and the rest of Eastern Europe. In short, one section of the Chinese people is trying to get rid of what we call in Latin America "bureaucratic socialism".

2) Ideologicaly, the cultural revolution is an attempt to create social mechanisms able to fight and defeat those ideological manifestations that help in the creation of successors for the new bureaucratic ruling class. That is why the political struggle is currently so fierce in a wide range of places where ideas are created and developed - the literature, art, media, schools, universities and academic research centers.

3) The cultural revolution is a political outcome of the reality in which "class struggle" and "formation of new social classes" continue during the socialist stage, which require new theoretical weapons to describe the process, understand its dynamic, and explain its internal laws, in order to formulate a theory which could enable to fight against the bureaucratic socialist dictatorships, which are just the most recent variety of class stratified societies.

4) Last but not least, the cultural revolution is a search for new forms of organisation which could make possible for the Chinese people to become the real master of their society, getting rid of socially stratified forms of organisation of the state, leading to the creation of a real socialist state. The former, not only in China, is making possible that the newly created bureaucratic ruling class "manage" civil society "in the name of the people", covering a brutal dictatorship with revolutionary rethoric.

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