|World indicators on the environment||World Energy Statistics - Time Series||Economic inequality|
La guardia roja conquista China
Fecha : 2 de Agosto 1968
Editor: Causa ML/Editorial Prensa Latinoamericana
Ciudad: Santiago de Chile
Pais : Chile
Ins. No.: 35096
Ediciones en Uruguay, Argentina, Colombia, Brasil y Chile
|Venzano Torres: Presentación|
|Prólogo para occidentales [English]||7|
|Capítulo I El tiempo de los tigres||13|
|¿Quién le tiene miedo a la guerra?||25|
|Pero hay una respuesta||101|
|El ejército en alpargatas||104|
|Fusilamiento en el estadio||142|
|Capítulo II La guardia roja conquista China||153|
|Un ejemplo campesino||183|
|Un ejemplo urbano||188|
|Los soviéticos no sirven||197|
|Tiene usted armas de fuego?||210|
|Doce meses de guerra||215|
|Los nuevos hábitos||279|
|Los dragones de barro||295|
|Yiapin, la mongola||299|
|El miedo a ser cuadro||302|
|Capítulo III La nueva clase||313|
|Capítulo IV Las prostitutas de Shanghai||371|
|El Gran Mundo||383|
|Capítulo V ¿Cómo piensa Pekin?||387|
"Resolución sobre algunos problemas concernientes a las Comunas Populares"
"Decisión del Comité Central del Partido Comunista de China sobre la Gran Revolución Cultural Proletaria" (16 puntos) [english]
"Los tres artículos mas leídos"
|Texto completo en un solo archivo PDF ( 26.600 kb )|
Prologo para Occidentales, in Róbinson Rojas, "La Guardia Roja Conquista China",
( Argentinian edition ) (1968):
This book is the outcome of my research in China from 1965 to 1967, when I was based in Beijing... I had the opportunity to visit 16 out of the 22 provinces plus Inner Mongolia... I had lenghty conversations with scores of Chinese citizens and with many members of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party...My research was focused on the "cultural revolution" which was started by a political uprising led by students and urban workers in june 1966...
...This book analyses the meaning of the cultural revolution, which can be summarized as follows:
1) Politically, it is an attempt to get rid of that section in the Chinese society which form a new bureaucratic class, a new ruling class, whose core is constituted mainly by the high and medium rank membership of the Chinese Communist Party and the so-called "intelligentsia". The political target of the cultural revolution are the Chinese counterpart of the new ruling class dominating already societies like the ones in Soviet Union, Yugoslavia and the rest of Eastern Europe. In short, one section of the Chinese people is trying to get rid of what we call in Latin America "bureaucratic socialism".
2) Ideologicaly, the cultural revolution is an attempt to create social mechanisms able to fight and defeat those ideological manifestations that help in the creation of successors for the new bureaucratic ruling class. That is why the political struggle is currently so fierce in a wide range of places where ideas are created and developed - the literature, art, media, schools, universities and academic research centers.
3) The cultural revolution is a political outcome of the reality in which "class struggle" and "formation of new social classes" continue during the socialist stage, which require new theoretical weapons to describe the process, understand its dynamic, and explain its internal laws, in order to formulate a theory which could enable to fight against the bureaucratic socialist dictatorships, which are just the most recent variety of class stratified societies.
4) Last but not least, the cultural revolution is a search for new forms of organisation which could make possible for the Chinese people to become the real master of their society, getting rid of socially stratified forms of organisation of the state, leading to the creation of a real socialist state. The former, not only in China, is making possible that the newly created bureaucratic ruling class "manage" civil society "in the name of the people", covering a brutal dictatorship with revolutionary rethoric.
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