|How We Can Help the Poor
the Agenda for Poverty Reduction: Opportunity, Empowerment, Security
Nora Lustig and Nicholas Stern
Experience from the 1990s has led to a poverty reduction agenda that, in
addition to promoting economic growth, addresses ingrained inequalities, institutional
failures, social barriers, and other risks.
Poverty Reduction in Low-Income Developing Countries:The International Community's
Masood Ahmed and Hugh Bredenkamp
Despite developing countries' improved economic growth rates during the
1990s, poverty has remained firmly entrenched. How can developing countries, international
financial institutions, and developed countries work together more effectively to reduce
the incidence of poverty?
Toward the International Development Goals
Sanjeev Gupta, Brian Hammond, Richard Leete, and Eric Swanson
Powerlessness and Voicelessness
How the Poor
Can Have a Voice in Government Policy
Caroline M. Robb
Development thinking has changed significantly in recent years.
Policymakers have recognized the ability of the poor to make a valuable contribution to
the analysis of poverty and are consulting them directly. This new participatory approach
has resulted in a broader definition of poverty and better-informed public policies that
are more responsive to the needs of the poor.
in Developing Countries
Mahmood Hasan Khan
How does rural poverty develop, what accounts for its persistence, and
what specific measures can be taken to eliminate or mitigate it?
Growth and Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Can Be Done?
Sub-Saharan Africa must increase economic growth to reduce poverty and
improve living standards. This article discusses some obstacles to growth in the region,
as well as some policy actions that would improve its prospects.
Building in Africa: The Role of International Financial Institutions
Saleh M. Nsouli
This article reviews the evidence on the importance of domestic
institutions for economic growth and examines the role of international financial
institutions, and particularly the IMF and its training, in capacity building in Africa.
Production or Food Aid? An African Challenge
Willy H. Verheye
Food production is not keeping pace with Africa's rapidly growing needs.
Aid programs in the 1970s and 1980s were considered a temporary solution to the most
appalling famines, but Africa's food shortage appears to be worsening. This paper
discusses the reasons for this situation and ways to address it.
for Poor Countries
Efforts to lighten the debt burden of poor countries go back at least two
decades. The most recent, the enhanced HIPC Initiative, will provide faster and deeper
debt relief to these countries while encouraging them to use the funds saved to fight
poverty and raise living standards.
Gas, and Mining Projects Can Contribute to Development
Oil, gas, and mining projects could be a boon for developing host
countries, yet their environmental and social costs often outweigh their benefits.
Partnerships between project developers, governments, and local communities are crucial
for projects to have a lasting development impact.
Toward a New
Global Banking Standard: The Basel Committee's Proposals
Cem Karacadag and Michael W. Taylor
The Basel Committee's new capital framework proposals will have important
implications for developed and developing countries alike. Although many details remain to
be worked out, it is not too early for countries to start preparing for the proposals'
The Role of
Short-Term Debt in Recent Crises
Uri Dadush, Dipak Dasgupta, and Dilip Ratha
Short-term debt owed by developing countries to foreign banks rose from
$176 billion to $454 billion between 1990 and 1997. This rapid buildup of short-term debt
was a key factor in the financial crises that rocked Mexico in 1994-95, East Asia in
1997-98, and Russia and Brazil in 1998-99.